Dear sir, I have found that Muslims in South Asia, especially Pakistan and Bangladesh but including India, all memorize two phrases called "al-iman al-mujmal" and "al-iman al-mufassal" as well as the "six kalimahs." The first Iman is: امَنْتُ بِاللهِ كَمَا هُوَ بِاَسْمَائِه وَصِفَاتِه وَقَبِلْتُ جَمِيْعَ اَحْكَامِه وَاَرْكَانِه the second is: امَنْتُ بِاللهِ وَمَلئِكَتِه وَكُتُبِه وَرَسُوْلِه وَالْيَوْمِ الْاخِرِ وَالْقَدْرِ خَيْرِه وَشَرِّه مِنَ اللهِ تَعَالى وَالْبَعْثِ بَعْدَالْمَوْتِ and the kalimahs are kalima-e tayyiba, kalima-e shahada, kalima-e radd kufr, kalima-e tamjid, kalima-e tawhid, and a sixth that I forget.

My question is: why are these popular in South Asia only? I know they are fundamental beliefs of Islam (belief in angels, the Prohpet (SAWS), tawhid, etc., but they occur together only in that geographical area. I am researching a book written in the 1500s based on these phrases, and I am wondering if there is a Sufi background for them since the Mughal empire was a time when Sufi groups flourished. Is there any textual evidence for the origin of these? Every Pakistani and Bangladeshi Muslim I have asked has said that yes, they do memorize them, but that they do not know when that practice started.

Thank you wa jazak allah khayr.

Jahongir M

asked 2016 tursun's gravatar image
edited May 30 '13 at 05:09 Muhammad Abdul Ahad ♦ 1.8k2313 Muhammad%20Abdul%20Ahad's gravatar image

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Let me just add this to the question. Do you all think it is strange or unique that many Muslims in South Asia memorize these without knowing the basis for them in any book of fiqh or 'aqidah or sunnah? You can just say yes or no. I just don't know if I should find it strange or not.

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answered 2016 tursun's gravatar image

By the way, I think I discovered it. If anyone wants to know just ask.

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answered 2016 tursun's gravatar image

very detailed answer for the question i got alot from that JizakAllah kahir Iman Mujmal Iman Mufassal

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answered 1183 saleemkhan's gravatar image

Assalam o alaikum wa rehmatallah wa barqatahu Though I am not really a scholar with a good knowledge of these beliefs but logically, when Islam was introduced in South Asia, this region was already following polytheist belief which was difficult to be changed to monotheist belief of Islam. So, to deal with this challenge it was first necessary to make people understand the basic concepts before they could know more about the essence of Islam.Hence the scholars compiled the 6 kalimahs as one Arabic qaidah and added iman e mujmal and iman e mufassal. This was introduced as part of the curriculum in madarsahs to teach and make understand the basic belief. Again, I don't guarantee the authenticity of this explanation but this is just based on the historical trend of Islam in South Asia. And Allah knows best. I seek forgiveness from Him for anything ill said. It is sad that people simply mug up the kalimahs, ayats, surahs and duah without understanding the true meaning. Even salat is performed just as an act and not really feeling the sprituality from within. May Allah guide us all to the right path. AMEEN

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answered 10 Naghma's gravatar image
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Asked: Mar 07 '13 at 15:03

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Last updated: Jun 01 '13 at 11:36


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