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Why Islamic calendar based on lunar system?

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asked 1.1k11042 Irfan%20Alam's gravatar image
closed Apr 06 '13 at 06:20

The question has been closed for the following reason "The question is answered, right answer was accepted" by Irfan Alam Apr 06 '13 at 06:20

[6:96] At the crack of dawn, He causes the morning to emerge. He made the night still, and He rendered the sun and the moon to serve as calculation devices. Such is the design of the Almighty, the Omniscient.

Specifically, the phases of the moon are cited as a timing device for the people in Quran 2:189 and 10:5.

[2:189] They ask you about the phases of the moon! Say, "They provide a timing device for the people, and determine the time of Hajj. ...

[10:5] He is the One who rendered the sun radiant, and the moon a light, and He designed its phases that you may learn to count the years and to calculate. GOD did not create all this, except for a specific purpose. He explains the revelations for people who know.

God makes it very clear in the Quran that there are twelve months. We are also told that four of these months are sacred (months 12, 1, 2, 3). While some muslims alternate the sacred and regular months, God condemns this in Quran 9:37. Thus we know that all the four sacred months are sequential (i.e. one after the other).

God's System: Twelve Months Per Year [9:36] The count of months, as far as GOD is concerned, is twelve. This has been GOD's law, since the day He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred. This is the perfect religion; you shall not wrong your souls (by fighting) during the Sacred Months.

The word month'' is mentioned in the Quran 12 times, andday'' 365 times.

This should be proof enough that it was Allah that legislated it. It cannot be confused with the liner calendar. If more proof is needed than your welcome to ask.

answered 73110 Light's gravatar image

although your answer has been accepted as right answer but if more clarification needed then you will be asked again...

(Apr 06 '13 at 04:59) Irfan Alam ♦ Irfan%20Alam's gravatar image

Bismillah. The reason is that in surah al-Baqarah Allah says "They ask thee concerning the New Moons. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in (the affairs of) men, and for Pilgrimage". So it is just fitting to use the lunar system. Oh yeah by the the way the source is 2:189. Hope I answered your question. Salam.

answered 1515 Mercifulservant's gravatar image

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Asked: Apr 05 '13 at 22:21

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Last updated: Apr 06 '13 at 06:20

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