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I know a muslim who hates Allah severely because Allah created him . Has he committed a sin ? He says he is not able to love Allah at all , as Allah created hell and predestined hell for many humans . He hates his birth , he is unsatisfied with his fate . He always thinks whether he will be saved from hell or not . He says he worships Allah for only one reason - he wants to be saved from hell . He also says things like " If Allah is so kind and generous , then why did he send us to this stupid painful world ? Why did he create hell , how will I tolerate hell and most likely I am going to hell ." What advice can you give him ?

asked 1.8k2314 Muhammad%20Abdul%20Ahad's gravatar image
edited Apr 11 '13 at 10:42

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In the name of Allah the most Merciful the most Compassionate.All praise is due to Allah,may peace and blessings of Allah be upon our prophet Muhammad and his family ,his companions and upon those who follows him till the day of resurrection.In Arabic we have something that we understand as Qada’a and Qadar. What is Qada’a and Qadar? It means that everything is already written that’s going to happen. Everything that is going to take place is already in motion, and it’s a done deal. It was known to Allah before He ever created exactly what He would create and what it would do. Now all of this is dealing with a part of our program “Beauties of Islam” dealing with rationale. The rational thought of the human, the common sense that we have and then something which is much bigger which is the knowledge of Almighty God. What is it that God knows that we don’t? Well, I’ll tell you that He knows everything, and we know nothing except what He gives us to know. But what about this idea of Qadar? What about this predestination thing? Even some Muslims when they are trying to present it tangle up in it. Understanding Qadar That is one of the things Muslims must believe to even be a Muslim But do you know it’s actually one of the articles of a faith of a Muslim? Once when the Angel Gabriel came to Muhammad (peace be upon him) he asked the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) so that the people would hear the answer: “What are the beliefs in Islam?” And Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said “The beliefs in Islam are to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His prophets, resurrection (when people are resurrected and brought back to life again), and finally the sixth point is to believe in the Qadar (the predestination, this Qismat that I was talking about at the beginning of this program)”. So that is a principle. That is one of the things Muslims must believe to even be a Muslim. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also said that eventually would be a time when Muslims would be arguing about this point. And today guess what? They are. They are arguing about this very point. And this means what? They are proving his prophecy that this would happen. But even so, let us discuss what is predestination, how does that really work, and why should we believe it? Well, if you really believe that there is God and you believe that He is perfect and He doesn’t make any mistakes, then what is wrong with the idea that He makes something that could never go wrong? He created something, designed something and put it into motion knowing from the beginning exactly how it would come out. After all, He is God and He is far beyond anything we can imagine. Yes? Alright. If you said “well yes but I have got a problem with that” I already know your problem but go ahead, tell me anyway, because I have already heard this argument many times. You would say “Well, if this is true, if God already knows everything that is going to come out, and if God has the power behind that, then how would it be fair that somebody would be rewarded for any good thing they did, or somebody else would be punished for any bad that they did because in effect they would really do it because God wanted them to do it anyway, so how would it be fair? How would there be any justice or fairness if it’s already a done deal, if it’s already going to happen? So why should I even bother? I’m going to die on a certain day, I’m going to eat a certain food on this day and I’m going to do this and that. It’s already written, so how is that fair, and why would I bother?”. The prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) heard somebody asking about this and he told him “Even though, you have to work and do your good deeds as much as you can because you don’t know the outcome, do you?” Simply put, I want to give you the simple answer on this one because often we get going on this and we come to the break and I’m afraid we lose somebody on that, so I’m going to tell you right now the answer to this part of it. How do I answer somebody who asks me about what is Qadar and Qadaa? What is that? What is this predestination of Allah?

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answered 551 UBAYDULLAH's gravatar image

It's simple. Simply put, it means Allah knows but you don’t. Listen again, Allah knows but you don’t. Because Allah knows He has caused everything to happen the way it's going to happen, but because you don’t know it’s still fair because you are going to have what is called the niyyah or the intention. In Islam everything is based on your intention, because without that what do you really have? You would only have what Allah has already willed to happen. But what do you want to happen? Because you don’t know the outcome, you don’t have even a clue of what is really going to happen tomorrow. It could be anything, because everything is always changing.

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answered 551 UBAYDULLAH's gravatar image

But Allah knows. And He is going to make it happen in accordance with what He wants in the grand design of things to come, and the person who intended to do good, whether it ever happens or not, they have their reward with Allah. That is the teaching in Islam. The reward they have is with their Lord because they had the intention for it. And the person who wanted to do bad and they did bad then this is what they have the punishment of because that is what they really wanted. So what you are really being rewarded for is your heart, your intention. Your sincere feeling “I want to do good, I wish I could do good.” The more you desire to do good, the more good is recorded for you. Very often we see that we are able to accomplish the things that we desire but it is not because of the willpower that we have, rather it’s because Allah is allowing us to see the fruition of our deeds. He is allowing us to see this blossoming and even the result of our efforts to the extent that we say “Masha’ Allah I was able to do this, I was able to do that”. But the reality is you were only able to do it because this was the Qadar of Allah. Often we hear Muslims say that expression “Masha’ Allah Qaddar Allah”. Usually we use the expression “Masha’ Allah” which means because Allah willed, and "Qaddar Allah" (the will of Allah), we usually say that when something bad happens or something we didn’t like when things didn’t work out the way we wanted. You know? For instance I’ll go to my car and at the parking lot I’m in a hurry I have to get back home and I forgot to do this and that. Suddenly I get to the car and I realize “My keys, where are my keys? Do you have my keys? Where is the keys? Who has got the keys? Do you have the keys? Look in your basket, look in your purse, look in your pocket, who has got the keys, I don’t… oh no look, inside the car, the keys are in the ignition! Now what? Why are the keys in the ignition? It’s your fault you should have seen those before we got out of the car, why didn’t you take them out? Why didn’t you take them out, you should have taken them out, I had to roll the window down and then… blablabla” All of this is what? This is blaming each other for something we could not have never avoided. This was going to happen. This is called Qadar. It’s what happened. Allah wanted it to happen. That’s why Muslims say “Qaddar Allah, Masha’a Allah”. It’s from Allah, it’s what Allah willed, alhamdulellah, Masha’ Allah. But it works both ways. If you see something that is amazing, something really good. Something you appreciate. Let’s say for instance somebody gives you a lovely gift, and you open the gift and say “Oh it’s wonderful, this is what I wanted, Masha’ Allah” Because Allah willed not because this person went down and bought it and wrapped it and gave it to you, although we have to say thank you for that, but it happened because it’s the Qadar of Allah, so we say Masha’ Allah, walhamdulelah. Somebody has a little baby born. Oh my God, you got a new baby girl? And they are going to say Qaddar Allah, Masha’ Allah, Masha’ Allah like this. Because we always acknowledge that everything comes from Allah everything returns back to Allah.

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answered 551 UBAYDULLAH's gravatar image

There is something that Muslims say too when they get the news of someone who died “Everything comes from Allah. Everything goes back to Allah”. In some traditions you hear people say something about everything came out from the earth and everything goes back to the earth. But really for us Muslims we don’t think that our soul came out from the earth, our body did. And when they say ashes to ashes, dirt to dirt, dust to dust, but it is bigger when you stop and think about the rest of it. It’s because of the will of Allah, and that’s why we would say “From Allah we came, and to Allah is the return, and all this in between was His will”. This is all something that He wanted to happen to us. And then what? And what was the reason behind it? This is where people get confused and start to say “What was the purpose, why did God create me, why did He put me in this condition?” And even in the Quran we find this beautiful teaching in the Quran, where Allah is telling you right there the purpose, the purpose of your life and my life when Allah says what means “The only reason I created you is to worship Me according to My Will.” Make your intention for Allah then you will be successful Masha’ Allah. Until next time, remember the beauties of Islam.

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answered 551 UBAYDULLAH's gravatar image

@sinner slave with failure,My beloved, I want to remind you for reminding profits the believer,first and foremost,Allah azza wal jall has stated in the Qur'an,"Then We have given the book for inheritance to such of Our servants as We have chosen: But there are among them some who wrong their own souls; some who follow A middle course;and some who are by Allah's leave foremost in good deeds;that is the highest grace."(sura 35:32) Allah has broken the inheritors of the qur'an into three groups, 1)Those who wrongs themselves 2)Those who takes a middle course 3)Those who are foremost in good deeds by Allah's permission Now lets deal with those who wrongs themselves,for this is done on their own free will,as the brother has pointed out the concept of the Qada and the Qadr in Islam, Inshallah, I will go a little further. The word Qada means decree:when Allah azza wal jall makes a decree,the decree is fully carried out as the qur'an states,"When He decrees a matter (qada amran),He says to it KUN FAYA KUN(Be and it is).(sura 2:117) Also refer to (sura 3:59). On the other hand Qadr,refers to the setting of measures, "And there is nothing but that with Us are the stores thereof and We donot send it down except (BE QADR MAALUMN)in known measures."(sura 15:21)Also,"Surely We have created all things with measure."(sura 54:49) Sura 97 states that the angels by Allah's "AMR" command,comes down with the set measure on the night of power.So basically,with the Qada we have no choice,but with the Qadr we have a choice,for it was reported in a hadeeth Qudsi that the rasulalah sws stated,"Allah said the first thing He created was the pen and He ordered the pen to write,the pen asked what to write and Allah said to write everthing that will happen from that point until the day of judgement."This is what one calls pre decree.In islam it is very dangerous for one to say or think that Allah is not "ADL"JUST IN ALL AFFAIRS.Allow me to show you that man wrongs himself, "Say:O men!Now truth hath reached you from your Lord!Those who recieve guidance,do so for the good of their own souls;those who stray,do so to their own loss:Iam not set over you to arrange your affairs."(sura 10:108)Also, (sura 39:41) Now lets deal with the fact that Allah can never be unjust, "Allah is never unjust In the least degree:If there is any good done,He doubleth it,and giveth from His own Presence a great reward." Now lets deal with the ayat that shows that Allah tests his servants whether they choose faith,obiedience or disbelief and disobiedience, "He Who created death and life, that He may try which of you is best in deeds;and He is the Exalted in Might,oft-forgiving."(sura 67:2) These ayats deal's with Allah's reward and punishment is requital of what they have carved out of their deeds,sura 2:281,3:161, 5:22, 74:38, 4:111, 18:106, 67:6, 3:198, 98:8.

These ayats deals with people being responsible themsleves for their disbleif,sura 3:19,14:8,38:28,24:52,5:78.

This ayat proves Allah has giiven mankind the optionto choose between beleif and disbeleif, "Say,The truth is form your Lord let him who will, believe, and let him who will, reject it."(sura 18:29)May Allah guide you......

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answered 8331147 yaqin's gravatar image

@sinner slave with failure,Beloved the next thing I need to make you aware of is JABR AND TAFWID,Now lets deal with Jabr first.

JABR:REFERS TO THE CONCEPT THAT ALL OF MAN'S ACTIONS ARE FORCED UPON HIM AND THAT HE HAS NO POWER TO CHOOSE... IN ENGLISH,THIS IS COMMONLY REFEERED TO AS PREDETERMINATION,SIMPLY PUT,MAN SIMPLY FOLLOWS HIS PRE-DETERMINED DESTINY. ALTHOUGH JABR AND PREDETERMINATION ARE SIMILAR AND CARRY MANY OF THE SAME IMPLICATIONS DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE ESSENCES OF THE TWO CONCEPTS ARE APPARENT.PREDETERMINATION FOLLOWS THE WEST CONCEPT THAT ALLAH'S KNOWLEDGE OF THE FUTURE IS WHAT MAKES IT IMPOSSIBLE FOR US TO ACT ON FREE WILL.JABR,ON THE OTHER HAND,IS THE BELEIF THAT MAN IS INHERENTLY NOT BESTOWED WITH ANY POWER.SOME SECTS OF MUSLIMS BELIEVE THAT MAN HAS NO POWER AND THAT ALLAH IS THE PROXIMATE CAUSE OF ALL EVENTS GOOD OR BAD....... I SEEK RUFUGE WITH ALLAH FROM THAT!

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answered 8331147 yaqin's gravatar image

@sinner slave with failure,NOW TO DEAL WITH TAFWID, TAFWHID:IS THE OPPOSITE OF JABR AND REFERS TO THE DELEGATION OF POWER TO MAN,THERE IS A SECT IN ISLAM THAT BELIEVES THAT MAN HAS POWER OVER HIS GOOD AND BAD DEEDS AND HE IS ALSO THEIR CREATOR.MAN THEREFORE DESERVES REWARD OR PUNISHMENT IN THE NEXT LIFE FOR WHAT HE DOES IN THIS ONE.ONE CANNOT ASCRIBE TO ALLAH EVIL AND INJUSTICE OR AN ACT OF DISBELEIF AND SIN,BECAUSE IF HE CREATED INJUSTICE,HE WOULD BE UNJUST,LIKEWISE IF HE CREATED JUSTICE,HE WOULD BE JUST.. IT SOUNDS TO ME THAT YOUR FRIEND IS INBETWEEN THESE TWO EXTREMES.MAY ALLAH GUIDE HIM.

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answered 8331147 yaqin's gravatar image

NOW TO REFUTE BOTH CONCEPTS:

THE QUR'AN STATES IN MANY SURA'S THAT ALLAH HAS GRANTED AQL INTELLECT TO SEEK THE TRUTH AND ONE IS COMMANDED TO USE HIS INTELLECT TO ASCERTAIN THE TRUTH.WHILE IT IS TRUE THAT ALLAH HAS CREATED WITHIN MAN CERTAIN POWERS,BUT THESE POWERS ARE SERVERLY LIMITED BY QADA AND QADR,THE FORMER REPRESENTING THAT WHICH ALLAH DIRECTLY DECREE AND AGAINST WHICH MAN IS POWERLESS,WHILE THE LATTER REPRESENTS LIMITS AND BOUNDS SET BY ALLAH THAT MAN CANNOT POSSIBLY TRANSGRESS.FREEDOM OF WILL IS THEREFORE LIMITED BY ALLAH AND IN NOWAY LIMITS ALLAH'S POWER.ALLAH'S JUSTICE IS REAL AND IT'S ONLY BECAUSE OF MAN'S LIMITED FREEDOM TO CHOOSE HIS COURSE OF ACTION THAT ALLAH WILL APPROPRIATELY REWARD OR PUNISH HIM.CONFORMATION FROM THE QUR'AN,9:70,3:117,11:101.THESE AYATS STATE THAT ALLAH DIDNOT WRONG THEM,THEY WRONGED THEMSELVES. NOW TO EXPLORE A NUMBER OF KEY QUR'ANIC CONCEPTS,ONE:ENJOINING THE GOOD AND FORBIDDING THE EVIL WOULD BE SENSELESS IF ALLAH FORCES MAN TO PERFORM BOTH GOOD AND EVIL DEEDS,IT WOULD NOT BE UPON MAN TO ENJOIN OR FORBID THEM.INDEED,ENJOINING AND FORBIDDING ACTS WOULD BE CALLING FOR OTHER THAN WHAT ALLAH HAS WILLED,AND THAT WOULD BE DISBELEIF.

SECOND:REPENTANCE WOULD BE SENSELESS,WHY WOULD ONE HAVE TO REPENT FOR ALLAH'S ACTIONS?THE QUR'AN IS CLEAR THAT REPENTANCE IS NECESSARY ONLY BECAUSE PEOPLE WRONG THEMSELVES.(SURA3:135).BELOVED I AM GOING TO STOP HERE THERE IS ALOT MORE TO THIS BUT I DONT WANT TO BOMBARD YOU,MAY ALLAH REWARD YOU.

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answered 8331147 yaqin's gravatar image

Tell your friend to acquiesce in the will of Allah. There are events that we have not a mote of control over, and it is not our place to judge. We are to stand upright and deal with our lives to the best of our ability, and change what we can to better ourselves, Inshallah.

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answered 191 akbaralim's gravatar image

I suggest reading the book of Job.

Job 3:1

After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. 2 He said: 3 "May the day of my birth perish, and the night that said, 'A boy is conceived!' 4 That day--may it turn to darkness; may God above not care about it; may no light shine on it. 5 May gloom and utter darkness claim it once more; may a cloud settle over it; may blackness overwhelm it. 6 That night--may thick darkness seize it; may it not be included among the days of the year nor be entered in any of the months. 7 May that night be barren; may no shout of joy be heard in it. 8 May those who curse days curse that day, those who are ready to rouse Leviathan. 9 May its morning stars become dark; may it wait for daylight in vain and not see the first rays of dawn, 10 for it did not shut the doors of the womb on me to hide trouble from my eyes. 11 "Why did I not perish at birth, and die as I came from the womb? 12 Why were there knees to receive me and breasts that I might be nursed? 13 or now I would be lying down in peace; I would be asleep and at rest 14 with kings and rulers of the earth, who built for themselves places now lying in ruins, 15 with princes who had gold, who filled their houses with silver. 16 Or why was I not hidden away in the ground like a stillborn child, like an infant who never saw the light of day? 17 There the wicked cease from turmoil, and there the weary are at rest. 18 Captives also enjoy their ease; they no longer hear the slave driver's shout. 19 The small and the great are there, and the slaves are freed from their owners.

If you read the whole book of Job there is a good lesson to be learned therein.

If Allah were to test someone, would they be ungrateful? Is a test something that would complicate someone as if they know better than God does?

Peace.

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answered 316 jook's gravatar image
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Asked: Apr 11 '13 at 09:17

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Last updated: Apr 15 '13 at 15:15



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