Dear learned brothers and sisters in Islam
At a recent debate amongst friends the discussion on whether and animal is halaal to eat if shot and killed by a rifle arose.
W.R.T. the above, Halaal as we understand is the cutting of the reciting of Neath, slicing of the throat and letting of all the blood ( in a nut shell ) as per quote from this very web site.
1) Asalam Alaikum
The Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi wassallam) said:
أُحِلَّتْ لَنَا مَيْتَتَانِ وَدَمَانِ فَأَمَّا الْمَيْتَتَانِ فَالْحُوتُ وَالْجَرَادُ وَأَمَّا الدَّمَانِ فَالْكَبِدُ وَالطِّحَالُ
The question then is, if an animal is shot and dies before being reached to perform the above is that animal still halaal for consumption. Can reciting the neath before pulling the trigger be regarded as sufficient to make the animal halaal.
In an article from another web site the following is quoted
" http://www.sunniforum.com My question is for Shafi'ie users on this forum, why does your madhhab forbid using firearms for hunting and what is the rationale for this? Also, the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wasallam] permitted hunting and eating animals by saying the name of Allah and then releasing the hunting dogs, or saying the name of Allah and then shooting your arrow to kill the animal. Firearms are basically just a modern version of the bow and arrow, so how could it be haraam to hunt with them?!"
NOTE: Hunting with a bow and arrow is not the same as hunting with a gun, with a gun the animal normally dies instantly if the shot is placed properly and therefore there is no time to perform the above "ritual" where as with an arrow you may still have sufficient time to do so.
Please advise Shukran
If you shoot the deer with the rifle and mention the name of Allaah, and hit the deer, and it dies from that shot, then it is halaal and it is permissible to eat it. If you catch up with it when it is still alive, it is essential that you slaughter it properly.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Are the birds that we shoot with rifles and they died halaal or not? We find that some birds that we shoot have died before we can say the name of Allaah over them.
Yes, if you shoot a rifle when hunting birds or rabbits or deer, and you say the name of Allaah when pulling the trigger, then it will be halaal, even if you find it already dead, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whatever causes the blood to flow and the name of Allaah has been mentioned over it, then eat.” And he said: “If you release your (hunting) dog and mention the name of Allaah over it, then eat.” But if it is still alive and able to move then you must slaughter it properly and mention the name of Allaah over it when slaughtering it. If you do not do that and it dies, then it becomes haraam for you. But attention must be paid to mentioning the name of Allaah when pulling the trigger, because if you do not mention the name of Allaah then it is haraam to eat it, even if you forget, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whatever causes the blood to flow and the name of Allaah has been mentioned over it, then eat.” And he said: “Do not eat of that over which the name of Allaah has not been mentioned.” End quote from Fataawa Noor ‘ala al-Darb.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Is it sufficient for me to say Bismillaah wa Allaahu akbar when inserting bullets into the rifle when hunting, or must I mention the name of Allaah when pulling the trigger of the rifle?
What you must do is mention the name of Allaah when shooting, and it is not sufficient to mention the name of Allaah when putting the bullets into the rifle, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When you shoot your arrow, then mention the name of Allaah” (saheeh – agreed upon, from the hadeeth of ‘Adiyy ibn Haatim (may Allaah be pleased with him); this version was narrated by Muslim). End quote from Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (23/91).