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Dear learned brothers and sisters in Islam

At a recent debate amongst friends the discussion on whether and animal is halaal to eat if shot and killed by a rifle arose.

W.R.T. the above, Halaal as we understand is the cutting of the reciting of Neath, slicing of the throat and letting of all the blood ( in a nut shell ) as per quote from this very web site.

" 1) Asalam Alaikum The Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi wassallam) said: أُحِلَّتْ لَنَا مَيْتَتَانِ وَدَمَانِ فَأَمَّا الْمَيْتَتَانِ فَالْحُوتُ وَالْجَرَادُ وَأَمَّا الدَّمَانِ فَالْكَبِدُ وَالطِّحَالُ
Two kinds of dead meat and two kinds of blood have been permitted to us. The two kinds of dead Meat are fish and locusts, and the two kinds of blood are the liver and spleen Ibn Majah 2) Firstly Saying the name of Allah is a condition of meat being halaal, and it is not excused by forgetting or not knowing, according to the most correct scholarly opinion. Secondly:
Meat slaughtered by one of the people of the Book (a Jew or a Christian) is permissible subject to two conditions: 1 – That the meat be slaughtered as a Muslim does it, by cutting the throat and esophagus and letting the blood flow. If the animal is killed by strangling or electric shock or drowning in water, its meat is not permissible. Similarly, if a Muslim does that, the meat is not permissible."

The question then is, if an animal is shot and dies before being reached to perform the above is that animal still halaal for consumption. Can reciting the neath before pulling the trigger be regarded as sufficient to make the animal halaal.

In an article from another web site the following is quoted

" My question is for Shafi'ie users on this forum, why does your madhhab forbid using firearms for hunting and what is the rationale for this? Also, the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wasallam] permitted hunting and eating animals by saying the name of Allah and then releasing the hunting dogs, or saying the name of Allah and then shooting your arrow to kill the animal. Firearms are basically just a modern version of the bow and arrow, so how could it be haraam to hunt with them?!"

NOTE: Hunting with a bow and arrow is not the same as hunting with a gun, with a gun the animal normally dies instantly if the shot is placed properly and therefore there is no time to perform the above "ritual" where as with an arrow you may still have sufficient time to do so.

Please advise Shukran

asked 1012 Ally's gravatar image

If you shoot the deer with the rifle and mention the name of Allaah, and hit the deer, and it dies from that shot, then it is halaal and it is permissible to eat it. If you catch up with it when it is still alive, it is essential that you slaughter it properly. 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Are the birds that we shoot with rifles and they died halaal or not? We find that some birds that we shoot have died before we can say the name of Allaah over them. 

He replied: 

Yes, if you shoot a rifle when hunting birds or rabbits or deer, and you say the name of Allaah when pulling the trigger, then it will be halaal, even if you find it already dead, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whatever causes the blood to flow and the name of Allaah has been mentioned over it, then eat.” And he said: “If you release your (hunting) dog and mention the name of Allaah over it, then eat.” But if it is still alive and able to move then you must slaughter it properly and mention the name of Allaah over it when slaughtering it. If you do not do that and it dies, then it becomes haraam for you. But attention must be paid to mentioning the name of Allaah when pulling the trigger, because if you do not mention the name of Allaah then it is haraam to eat it, even if you forget, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whatever causes the blood to flow and the name of Allaah has been mentioned over it, then eat.” And he said: “Do not eat of that over which the name of Allaah has not been mentioned.” End quote from Fataawa Noor ‘ala al-Darb. 

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Is it sufficient for me to say Bismillaah wa Allaahu akbar when inserting bullets into the rifle when hunting, or must I mention the name of Allaah when pulling the trigger of the rifle? 

He replied:

What you must do is mention the name of Allaah when shooting, and it is not sufficient to mention the name of Allaah when putting the bullets into the rifle, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When you shoot your arrow, then mention the name of Allaah” (saheeh – agreed upon, from the hadeeth of ‘Adiyy ibn Haatim (may Allaah be pleased with him); this version was narrated by Muslim). End quote from Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (23/91). 

answered 73210 Light's gravatar image

Shukran Bhai

Your answer is comprehensive, I am happy with it. today I am a little wiser, just a little.

Shukran once again.

(Apr 15 '13 at 12:55) Ally Ally's gravatar image

To my friends of Islam. This is not an answer, but is a query. Obviously when the Qur'an and 'other' books were written, there were no guns, so generally 'bladed' weapons were used for hunting and defence. But, having read most of the above posts, it would seem [hopefully] that shooting food can be halaal, if you say the Prophets name, when pulling the trigger. And if the animal is not dead, then it must be killed 'properly' saying the Prophets name - [with a sharp, swift knife, not allowing the animal to see the knife or other animals, or suffer etc. PLEASE understand that I mean no disrespect when asking this QUESTION - - if the meat is still considered halaal with shooting, and saying the Prophets name - could skilled shooters [head-shot or head-bolt] kill an animal [in an abattoir], and still the meat be considered halaal? [with respect to the above posts]. I only ask, as this would be most acceptable to MANY. Having seen so many videos of animals so brutally treated, tortured, and horribly slaughtered in the name of Islam, I know their meat would be haraam [unacceptable], but is sold and eaten daily. This can't be okay with you? I'm happy to show you all these videos. Please comment to me. Thank you P ♥

answered 10 Pat206's gravatar image
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Asked: Apr 15 '13 at 05:54

Seen: 3,128 times

Last updated: Apr 20 at 10:17

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