Is it an innovation to break tauhid down into three aspects
@Light, My beloved brother, First and foremost, we must keep in mind this fact stated by the Rasul sws,"The best speech is the speech of Allah and the best guidance is that of Muhammad sws,the worst matters in Islam is newly invented matters,every newly invented matter is a misguidance and every misguidance will reside in the fire." I SEEK REFUGE WITH ALLAH FROM THAT! In your own words you have admitted that this practice is a newly invented matter,though you give an excuse,but excuses are not the haqq....You attack my aqeedah and those which has taught me the deen,and trust me I took the advice of Imam Malik when he stated in a athar," Be very careful who you take your deen from." With that said let's procced... The Islamic definition of BIDAH: Imam Ash-shaafi'i, may Allah have mercy upon him, said: "A bidah is anything that has no basis in the Qur'an, sunnah or sayings of any of the companions." Ibn Al-Jawzi,may Allah have mercy upon him,said: "A bidah is any form of worship that did not EXIST at the time of the Rasul sws and his companions,then later it was innovated." Ibn Rajab,may Allah have mercy uponn him,said: "A bidah is any form of worship which has no basis in the sharee'ah which would warrant its legislation." Ash-Shaatibi,may Allah have mercy upon him, said: "A bidah is any matter which closely resembles the Sharee'ah and is intended to be a way of worshipping Allah." Now my brother I beg you to go over these definitons and it should be clear that this practice is a bidah and this is by definition.
It has been reported on the authority of Ibn Bushraan the Rasul sws ,said," He who turns away from my Sunnah is not from me."
Also, in a athar by Sufyaan Ath Thawree said, "No word or action will be correct until it conforms with the Qur'an and Sunnah."
Though you used some Qur'anic ayats to support this claim the facts still remains that this was not implemented by the Rasul sws and therefore it was not implemented by Allah azza wal jall,and this fact you have already admitted to,as I already stated. So my beloved brother I must ask,are the ones that has implemented this upon the sunnah or have they turned away? As you ponder this question allow me to move foward.
Allah azza wal jall has stated in His Holy book, "This day I have perfected for you your deen and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as your religion." (sura 5:3)
Imaam Maalik,may Allah have mercy upon him, said concerning this verse: "He who innovates a new bidah in Islam considering it to be something good is in effect claiming that the Rasul sws did not fully convey the message of Islam... So whatever was not a part of the religion at that time(i.e.,the time of the Prophet sws and his companions) cannot be considered as a part of the religion today."
Also, Imam Ibn Katheer,may Allah have mercy upon him, said: "One of the greatest bounties from Allah upon the Muslim nation is that he completed and perfected the religion for them,so they have no need of any other religion or Prophet other than their Prophet. This is percisely why Allah made the Rasululah sws the seal of all Prophets and sent him to the jinn as well as mankind. The only matters which are lawful are those that the Rasululah sws made lawful and the only matters that are unlawful are those that he made unlawful. The only thing that can be considered as part of the religion of Islam are those which he conveyed; and that which he did not convey can never and will never be part of the religion.EVERTHING THAT THE MESSENGER SWS SAID WAS TRUE AND CORRECT WITHOUT EVEN A TRACE OF ERROR OR DISHONESTY."
Brother, it is a fact that not every one agrees with this practice especially the scholars of Ahlul sunnah,and the science you recommended I study is not from the sunnah of the Rasululah sws.
Now lets deal with the breaking up of Tauhid:
You have stated that Imam Haneefah was the first to teach this practice,and Shaykh Ubaid Al-Jaabiree has stated in a talk and I qoute, "Abu Haneefah talk about this and his students such as Abu Yoosuf followed him in this." He goes on to say, " So whoever reads the works of these scholars will find that tawheed was divided into three catergories and these are the well known catergories of tawheed today." Now when we move foward in the history fo Islam we find," What is of greater interest here is Ibn Taymiyya's departure from the single tawhid taught by the Prophet and practiced by his companions.Ibn Taymiyya actually devised two monotheisms while Allah and His Prophet ordered but ONE, according to the sound hadeeth: "I order you to believe in Allah alone. Do you know what belief in allah alone is? It is to bear witness that there is no Allah but Allah and that Muhummad is the messenger of Allah."(Hasan Ali Al-Saqqaf:Vilificaton of him who counts several tawhids)
Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, to whom Ibn Taymiyya state his affiliation, never said that tawhid consisted in two parts,one being tawhid al-rububiyyah and the other tawhid al-uluhiyya, nor did he ever say that" whoever does not know tawhid uluhiyya, his knowledge of tawhid al-rububiyya is not taken into account because the idolaters also had such knowledge," nor did any of the followers of the followers (taba al-tabi'in)ever say such a thing to his contemporaries,nor any of the followers (tabi'in) to his, nor any of the companions of the prophet to his. Nor did the prophet himself in his sunnah,which is the exposition of the book of Allah, whether in the books of sahih, the sunan, the masanid, or the ma'ajim, is it related that the prophet ever said to his companions or ever taught them that tawhid consisted in two parts, one being tawhid al-rububiyya and the other tawhid al-uluhiyya,nor that " whoever does not know tawhid al uluhiyya, his knowledge of tawhid al-rububiyya is not taken into account because the idolaters also had such knowledge."
In His book, Allah never ordered such a thing as tawhid al-uluhiyya to His servants,nor did he ever say that "whoever does not know this tawhid, his knowledge of tawhid al-rububyya is not taken into account." Rather, He ordered the utterance of an abslolute word of oneness (kalimat al-tawhid mutlaqa)for He said as He addressed His Prophet: "Know that there is no other Allah except Allah alone." (Doctrine of Ahl al-sunna wa al-jama'a versus the slafi movement-as sunnah foundation of America,1996)
What about the fourth catergory tawheed haakimiyya? Shaykh Jabiree says that it is a newly invented terminolgy invented by Ikhwaan ul Muslimeen who started their claim in Egypt on the hands of Hasan Al-Banna." I ask what is the difference? Neither was ordained by Allah or His Rasul sws and both are a bidah by definition.I LEAVE YOU WITH THIS TO PONDER,THE RASUL SWS SAID," DONOT OBEY THE CREATED IF IT MEANS DISOBEYING THE CREATOR." (SUNAN OF AHMED)
AND A ATHAR FROM IMAM TAHAAWI: "ONLY SOME ONE WITH A PARTY SPIRIT OR A FOOL BLINDLY FOLLOWS QIYAS (OPINIONS) OF MEN OVER THE GUIDANCE OF ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER."
I pray Allah guides the true believers. Now as far as my aqeedah,it is very simple,tawhid is what the Rasul sws said it was and the scholars oe ahlul sunna wa Jama'a follows, No Allah but Allah.... May Allah bless you!
@stronghold somehow what you posted got past me inshallah I will address now, first and foremost, I provided the proof of what the scholars of ahlul sunnah said against the salafi dawah about this practice. Your example about the index is good but the index isn't saying anything that the rasul didn't say it shows where you can find ayats. Where as tauhid which has been taught by the one sent for over a decade has been broken into sections and volumes of concepts surrond this division which I mentioned in my response to the brother light . None of the concepts that surrounds this practice was taught by the Rasul, so with this fact established, your question becomes a very dangerous one. Is it a bidah, yes it is for the rasul taught it the simplest if one says this was done to make it easy for people to understand than what one of this mindset is saying that the Rasul was wretched to his mission what he taught needed to be simplfied. You don't see the problem in this? I presented the proof clearly. I gave you the definition of what a bidah is from the kalaf imams. You said you read it then read it again. Your analogy about the index is moot in light of acts of ebadah. Now I'm not going say what the Rasul would say if he was here, I seek refuge with Allah from that, what I will say is what he said when he was here, and that is, the best speech is the speech of Allah and THE BEST GUIDANCE is that of MUHAMMAD, the WORST MATTERS IN THE DEEN IS NEWLY INVENTED MATTERS EVERY newly invented matter is a MISGUIDANCE and EVERY misguidance will be in the fire. May Allah guide you
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Salaam brother Yaqin, I have read and reread your comments and am grateful for the thinking that your words have generated. May I voice my thinking on the subject of bidah as it may relate to the concept of Tawhid:
Organising concepts, messages and information into categories, is that a bidah? I am thinking of such as how the scholars have organised the information at the back of the Qurán, for example, in the form of an Index, for easy access and reference. Is this then not considered as a bidah? During the time that the Qurán was revealed over the 23 years, it did not include an Index, correct? And yet it is now days contained within every Qurán so as to make it easier for us to use, access specific subjects and themes and to assists in developing a deeper understanding of Alaah SWT’s words.
The point I want to make here is that as long as Alaah SWT’s words are intact and preserved, are we really introducing a bidah? Also as long as we are not manipulating Alaah SWT’s messages (may Alaah SWT ever forbid us from doing this) then is it a bidah?
Is there a bad intention in this?
Does introducin the index by any means suggest that we have innovated on the words of Alaah SWT or that we think that Alaah SWT’s message is incomplete?
The answer is of course not.
The concept of Tawhid is not unlike the index and it helps organise the fundamental understanding of the Oneness of Alaah SWT. This in turn helps people understand the preliminary and most important understanding:
Allah Most High says about Himself, “There is nothing whatsoever like unto Him.” (Qur’an 42:11)
And He Most High says in Surat al-Ikhlas, “And there is none like unto Him.” (Qur’an 112: 4)
People need to ponder over the Oneness and the Greatness of Alaah SWT until the meaning of it sinks into their hearts without which, nothing within the doctrine of Islamic belief system will fall into place:
Alaah SWT is ONE; Worship HIM ONLY; KNOW HIM and HIS attributes.
By the way of Tawhid, we do not change a single idea of Alaah SWT’s messages to us. Nor the messages that Rasul saws has delivered to us.
This is how I like to try to understand a new idea: by breaking it down in simple forms. I would also like to know exactly how the scholars of ahlul sunnah wa jamat salafee dawah explain the Tawhid as being a bidah. Is there evidence of altering of the words of Alaah SWT or the messages of Rasul saws? If there is, then please enlighten me.
I think that if our Beloved Prophet was still alive and with us, he would tell us one thing: Do not divide yourselves into sects or into different schools of thought. Keep it simple. Keep to the truth. Do not try to create divisions amongst yourselves as cracks in the foundations will begin to appear. Keep united.
Something like that.... (May Alaah SWT forgive me if in my intention to make a good point here, I have in any way unintentionally said anything that is even remotely inappropriate.) When we Muslims oppose each other in our thinking, we give those outside Islam, an opportunity to criticise and look for faults, whereas our religion IS perfect.
And Alaah SWT says:
This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.
Now can you please provide the proof in whereas lies the innovation in regards to the Tawhid. I, as I am sure all Muslims want to be rightly informed and need to know this. No innovations. I am open to comments from all who have sufficient knowledge on the subject.
May Alaah bless and guide all of us and keep us on the straight ie the right path. Ameen.
I agree in essence with you when applied to matters of faith and pillars of Islamic practice, as well as Shariah (which itself has many interpretations). I don't agree we are supposed to look all the same, dress all the same, supplication all the same. This was not how Mohammed pbuh interacted with the first Muslims, he recognized individuals unique strengths and weaknesses and his companions, while following his example, appreciated the diversity of people's and cultures in the regions Islam spread to. Allah is One, our faith is One, our Quran is one, our Salat is one- but wallahi our colors are so many we can't count and I have no doubt Allah loves us for our diversity. This question of 'invented matters' and what it truly means and good Bidah and bad Bidah (very valid classifications) should be started in a new thread. Invented matters are 'lies' against the deen and corruprpting the Quran, hadith, shariah- it does not mean that people can not do new things (for example, like print copies of the Quran, and even sell them- rather than handwritten them)
Yes but this is Allah's Word not man's. I am not against speaking of these things (I am obviously doing it) but my point is that the true answer is not in talking about it, it is in the Nur of La Illaha Ilallah... And actually when one Knows Tawhid they will rarely if ever talk about it directly. But of course it is good to speak of it generally and urge people to Allah. i think I am just also against throwing Bidah into pretty much any conversation these days, I think I am reacting more to that. This accusing everyone of Bidah is not how I see Allah working in the world, Allah actually loves diversity and beauty and adapting/change (all within the foundation of the core truth's of course). If there truths in Allah's creation, no two people or two stars, or two flowers are exactly alike, they each hold there own beauty and own secrets in their praising of Allah. So people will talk about Tawhid differently... no big deal in the innovation, as long as the essence is not violated. Salaam
Do you really think Tawhid can be understood in words? It is actually impossible... The best we can do with words is point to Tawhid and in this station of speech it is hard if not impossible to not make mistakes. That's why I think it is is good to try to explain Tawhid sometimes, but not too much and always with the understanding that this explanation only points to it. The moment one says "I" one has committed shirk or a certain degree- Tawhid is a path of increasing subtlety. With words the best we can do is use the formula given to us and to never deny Tawhid but it can only be affirmed in the Heart and with Shahaddah... Sometimes silence is better than speaking.
@sadie I truly understand that the scholars have done this, but my question to you and all that promote this is, was this taught by the Rasul, may Allah have mercy upon, and the answer to this is no.I suggest you return to my answer to the brother Light and you will see. Sister innovation is very serious in Islam, your answer is the typical one given by those who are upon this innovation, please reread my answer and refute the haqq if you can, for your position is not of the majority, Islam is only what the Rasul sws says it is, and I have shown that in my answer with textual proof. I humbly await your reply.May Allah Guide You
Praise be to Allaah.
This division is taken from study and analysis. When the scholars analyzed the texts of the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), this became clear to them. Some of them added a fourth category, which is Tahweed al-Mutaaba’ah (oneness of following). All of that is derived from study and analysis.
Undoubtedly the one who ponders the meanings of the Qur’aan will find that it contains verses which enjoin devoting worship sincerely to Allaah alone. This is Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of the Divine Nature). And he will find verses which indicate that Allaah is the Creator and the Provider, that He is in control of all things. This is Tawheed al-Ruboobiyyah (oneness of the Divine Lordship), which the mushrikoon affirmed, but that did not make them Muslims. He will also find other verses which indicate that Allaah has the Most Beautiful Names and the Most Sublime Attributes, and that He has no equal or peer. This is Tawheed al-Asma’ wa’l-Sifaat (Oneness of the Divine Names and Attributes), which was denied by the innovators such as the Jahamiyyah, Mu’tazilah, anthropomorphists and those who followed in their footsteps.
There are verses which indicate that it is obligatory to follow the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and to reject whatever goes against his laws. This is Tawheed al-Mutaaba’ah (Oneness of Following). This categorization is known from study and analysis of the relevant aayahs and the Sunnah. For example, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)”
“O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allaah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)”
“And your Ilaah (God) is One Ilaah (God — Allaah), Laa Ilaaha illa Huwa (there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He), the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful”[al-Baqarah 2:163]
“And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).
I seek not any provision from them (i.e. provision for themselves or for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e. feed themselves or My creatures).
Verily, Allaah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong”
“Indeed, your Lord is Allaah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He rose over (Istawa) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the creation and commandment. Blessed is Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!”
“There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer” [al-Shoora 42:11]
“Say (O Muhammad): “He is Allaah, (the) One.
Allaah-us-Samad [Allaah — the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks)].
He begets not, nor was He begotten.
And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him”
“Say (O Muhammad to mankind): If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah), Allaah will love you and forgive you your sins”
[Aal ‘Imraan 3:31]
“Say: “Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger, but if you turn away, he (Messenger Muhammad) is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to convey Allaah’s Message) and you for that placed on you. If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger’s duty is only to convey (the message) in a clear way (i.e. to preach in a plain way)”
And there are many aayahs which point towards this categorization.
In the ahaadeeth:
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, according to the hadeeth of Mu’aadh whose authenticity is agreed upon (al-Bukhaari, 2856; Muslim, 30):
“It is the right of Allaah upon His slaves that they should worship Him and not associate anything with Him.”
And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever dies invoking anything other than Allaah as a rival to Allaah will enter Hell.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4497; Muslim, 92).
And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to Jibreel (peace be upon him), when he asked him about Islam: “It means to worship Allaah and not associate anything with Him, to pray the prescribed prayers, to pay the obligatory zakaah…” (Agreed upon; al-Bukhaari, 50; Muslim, 9).
And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever obeys me obeys Allaah, and whoever disobeys me disobeys Allaah.” (Agreed upon; al-Bukhaari, 2957; Muslim, 1835).
And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “All of my ummah will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” It was said, “O Messenger of Allaah, who are those who refuse?” He said, “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise and whoever disobeys me has refused.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari in his Saheeh, 7280).
And there are many similar ahaadeeth.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “God is the One Who is worshipped and obeyed. God is the One Who is loved, and the One Who is loved is the One Who deserves to be worshipped. The reason why He deserves to be worshipped is because of His Attributes which imply that He is the Most Beloved to Whom the utmost submission is due.”
And he said: “God is the One Who is loved and worshipped, Whom hearts love, to Whom they submit, before Whom they humble themselves, Whom they fear and hope, to Whom they turn at times of difficulty, calling upon Him with regard to their concerns, putting their trust in Him with regard to their interests, seeking refuge in Him, finding tranquility in the remembrance of Him and peace of mind in love for Him. That is only for Allaah, therefore the phrase Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (there is no god except Allaah) is the most truthful of speech. Those who believe this are the people of Allaah and His party, and those who deny it are His enemies who are subject to His wrath and vengeance. If a person gets this right his entire situation will be good, and if he fails to achieve this then his knowledge and actions will inevitably be corrupt.”
We ask Allaah to help all the Muslims, rulers and ruled alike, to understand His religion, to adhere steadfastly to it, to be sincere towards Allaah and His slaves and to beware of that which Allaah has forbidden, for He is Able to do that. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions.
Tauhid secara bahasa arab merupakan bentuk masdar dari fi’il wahhada-yuwahhidu (dengan huruf ha di tasydid), yang artinya menjadikan sesuatu satu saja. Syaikh Muhammad bin Shalih Al Utsaimin berkata: “Makna ini tidak tepat kecuali diikuti dengan penafian. Yaitu menafikan segala sesuatu selain sesuatu yang kita jadikan satu saja, kemudian baru menetapkannya” (Syarh Tsalatsatil Ushul, 39).
Secara istilah syar’i, makna tauhid adalah menjadikan Allah sebagai satu-satunya sesembahan yang benar dengan segala kekhususannya (Syarh Tsalatsatil Ushul, 39). Dari makna ini sesungguhnya dapat dipahami bahwa banyak hal yang dijadikan sesembahan oleh manusia, bisa jadi berupa Malaikat, para Nabi, orang-orang shalih atau bahkan makhluk Allah yang lain, namun seorang yang bertauhid hanya menjadikan Allah sebagai satu-satunya sesembahan saja.