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asalaam aleykum;

may i have your attention Please;

how about reading the lot as to increase our what we know; see what is fact and false, as a muslim/a......(IQRA) then it is up to individual to pick what is beneficial and leave what is NOT. ===================

The word ‘Jihād’ is commonly translated into English as ‘the Holy War’ and for a long while now the word has been interpreted so that it has become synonymous with a ‘mania of religion’. The word ‘Jihād’ conjures up the vision of a marching band of religious fanatics with savage beards and fiery eyes brandishing drawn swords and attacking the infidels wherever they meet them and pressing them under the edge of the sword for the recital of Kalima. The Artists have drawn this picture with masterly strokes and have inscribed these words under it in bold letters:

‘The History of this Nation is a tale of Bloodshed’.

The irony is that the painters are no other than those benefactors of ours who themselves have been engaged in an extremely unholy war for centuries on end. They themselves present the picture of robbers who armed to the teeth with all kinds of deadly weapons, have set upon the world pillaging it for the capture of new markets of trade, resources of raw material, open lands for colonisation and mines yielding valuable metals, so that they may procure fuel for their everburning fire of avarice. They fight not for the cause of God but for the satisfaction of their lust and hunger. For them, it is a sufficient excuse for invading a nation because the territory of that nation contains mines, or their lands yield bumper crops, or oil has been struck there or they can be exploited as profitable markets for their manufactured goods or that their surplus population can be settled on the lands belonging to the intended victims. In the absence of all the other excuses, they consider it a grave crime on the part of a nation if she happens to live en route to a country already captured by them or the one they plan to capture. Whatever we did is now part of history, past and gone, but their deeds are a present matter witnessed by the world day and night. Asia, Africa, Europe and America—which portion of this planet has been spared from bloodbath resulting from their unholy war? Their skill is, however, commendable that they have painted our picture so gory and dark that their own picture was overshadowed and was completely hidden from the view. Our own simplicity is amazing too. When we saw this picture of ours painted by the foreigners, we were so taken aback that we never thought of looking behind the canvas and seeing the visage of the painter. Instead we started offering apologies in this manner—Sir, what do we know of war and slaughter. We are pacifist preachers like the mendicants and religious divines. To refute certain religious beliefs and convert the people to some other faith instead, that is the be-all and end-all of our enthusiasm. What concern have we with sabres! Yes, indeed, we plead guilty to one crime, though, that whenever someone else attacked us, we attacked him in self-defence. Now, of course, we have renounced that also. The crusade which is waged by swords has been abrogated for the satisfaction of your honour. Now ‘Jihad’ only refers to waging war with the tongue and pen. To fire cannons and shoot with guns is the privilege of your honour’s government and wagging tongues and scratching with pens is our pleasure.

Causes of Misunderstanding about the Holy War

2 be continued (Innshaa Allah)

asked 437 el%20ebdaa's gravatar image
edited Jun 08 '13 at 07:57

I think what you are doing here mashallah is wonderful. Brother you think you could do this in community site? If so that would be very much appreciated as this site is for Q&A. As soon as I see you have posted all this in community I will close this .

(Jun 11 '13 at 04:18) sadie ♦ sadie's gravatar image

In any case, this is a part of political tactics. But from a purely scholastic standpoint when we analyse the causes due to which the red nature of the ‘Holy War for the Cause of God’ has become difficult to understand not only for non- Muslims but Muslims themselves, we discover two major and basic misconceptions. The first misunderstanding is that they consider Islam to be a religion in the conventional sense of the term ‘religion’. The second misconception is that they take Muslims to be a ‘Nation’ in the technical sense of this term. These two misunderstandings have not only mixed up the concept of Jihād’ but have changed the picture of Islam as a whole and have wholly misrepresented the position of the Muslim people. In common terminology ‘religion’ means nothing more than a hotch potch of some beliefs, prayers and rituals. If this is what ‘religion’ means, then, it should, indeed, be a private affair. You should be free to entertain any belief and worship any deity whom your conscience is ready to accept. If you are over-zealous and ardent devotees of this type of religion, go and preach it to the whole world and engage yourselves in declamations with the protagonists of other religions. There is no reason why you should take up a sword? Do you wish to convert people to your faith by killing them? We are forced to admit the point that if you regard Islam as a religion in the conventional meaning of the term and if, indeed, Islam be a conventional type of religion, the necessity for ‘Jihad’ cannot be justified. Similarly, the term ‘Nation’ connotes no more than a homogeneous group of men who have joined themselves in a distinct entity on the basis of fundamental and shared traits. A group of people who attain to nationhood according to this definition of the term, rises or can rise to arms under two circumstances: either when some other group of people with the intention of depriving them of their lawful rights attack them or when they themselves wishing to usurp other people’s rights launch an attack on them. There is an unassailable moral justification for taking up arms in the first case (although some saintly personages have declared even armed self-defence a sin). But launching an armed attack on other people with the purpose of snatching away their lawful rights can be justified by no one except a few dictators. Even statesmen of vast Empires like those of Britain and France dare not to justify this course of action.

What Jihad Really is?

2 be contined Inshaa Allah.

So if Islam be a ‘Religion’ and the Muslims are a ‘Nation’. ‘Jihad’ (on account of which it has been accorded

answered 437 el%20ebdaa's gravatar image
edited Jun 08 '13 at 13:33

What Jihad Really is? So if Islam be a ‘Religion’ and the Muslims are a ‘Nation’. ‘Jihad’ (on account of which it has been accorded the dignity of ‘The Best of all Prayers’ in Islam) becomes useless term. But the truth is that Islam is not the name of a ‘Religion’, nor is ‘Muslim’ the title of a ‘Nation’. In reality Islam is a revolutionary ideology and programme which seeks to alter the social order of the whole world and rebuild it in conformity with its own tenets and ideals. ‘Muslim’ is the title of that International Revolutionary Party organized by Islam to carry into effect its revolutionary programme. And ‘Jihād’ refers to that revolutionary struggle and utmost exertion which the Islamic Party brings into play to achieve this objective. Like all revolutionary ideologies, Islam shuns the use of current vocabulary and adopts a terminology of its own, so that its own revolutionary ideals may be distinguished from common ideals. The word ‘Jihad’ belongs to this particular terminology of Islam. Islam purposely rejected the word ‘harb’ and other Arabic words bearing the same meaning of ‘war’ and used the word ‘Jihad’ which is synonymous with ‘struggle’, though more forceful and wider in connotation. The nearest correct meaning of the word ‘Jihād’ in English can be expressed as under:

To exert one’s utmost endeavour in promoting a cause’.

answered 437 el%20ebdaa's gravatar image

The question is why was the use of this new word preferred to the exclusion of all older synonyms? The answer to this question is none else than that the word ‘war’ was and is still being used for struggles between Nations and States which are waged for the achievement of individual or national self-interest. The motive forces behind these conflicts are such individual or collective purposes as are completely devoid of any ideological bias or support for certain principles. Since Islamic War does not belong to this category, Islam shuns the use of the word ‘war’ altogether. Islam has no vested interest in promoting the cause of this or that Nation. The hegemony of this or that State on the face of this earth is irrelevant to Islam. The sole interest of Islam is the welfare of mankind. Islam has its own particular ideological standpoint and practical programme to carry out reforms for the welfare of mankind. Islam wishes to destroy all states and governments anywhere on the face of the earth which are opposed to the ideology and programme of Islam regardless of the country or the Nation which rules it. The purpose of Islam is to set up a state on the basis of its own ideology and programme, regardless of which nation assumes the role of the standard-bearer of Islam or the rule of which nation is undermined in the process of the establishment of an ideological Islamic State. Islam requires the earth—not just a portion, but the whole planet—not because the sovereignty over the earth should be wrested from one nation or several nations and vested in one particular nation, but because the entire mankind should benefit from the ideology and welfare programme or what would be truer to say from ‘Islam’ which is the programme of well-being for all humanity. Towards this end, Islam wishes to press into service all forces which can bring about a revolution and a composite term for the use of all these forces is ‘Jihad’. To change the outlook of the people and initiate a mental revolution among them through speech or writing is a form of ‘Jihad’. To alter the old tyrannical social system and establish a new just order of life by the power of sword is also ‘Jihad’ and to expend goods and exert physically for this cause is ‘Jihad’ too.

‘For the Cause of God’—the Essential Condition

But the ‘Jihad’ of Islam is not merely a ‘struggle’; it is a ‘struggle for the Cause of God’. ‘For the Cause of God is an essential condition for ‘Jihad’ in Islam. This expression is also part of the special terminology of Islam to which I have alluded above. Its literal meaning is ‘In the way of God’. It is this translation which misled the people into believing that ‘Jihad in the way of God’ enjoined forcible conversion of other people to the faith of Islam, for the limited intellects of the people could take the expression ‘in the way of God’ to mean nothing else than that. But in the terminology of Islam this expression bears wider meaning. All such work as is undertaken for the collective well-being of mankind and in which the functionary has no vested interest in the present world, his sole interest being to win the favour of God, is regarded in Islam as an ‘act in the way of God’. To take an instance, if you give away something in charity in anticipation of receiving some material or moral dividend in this world, it would not be regarded as an ‘act in the way of God’. But if it is your desire to win the pleasure of God by affording assistance to a poor man, this charitable act would be deemed to have been done ‘in the way of God’. Hence the term ‘in the way of God’ is reserved for such deeds only as are undertaken with perfect sincerity, without any thought of gaining a selfish end, and executed on the understanding that to afford benefit to other human beings is a means of winning the pleasure of God and the sole purpose of human life is to win the favour of the Creator of the universe. The condition ‘in the cause of God’ has been

answered 437 el%20ebdaa's gravatar image

The condition ‘in the cause of God’ has been

The condition ‘in the cause of God’ has been attached to ‘Jihād’ for the same reason. It strictly implies that when a person or a group arises to carry out a revolution in the system of life and to establish a new system in conformity with the ideology of Islam, he or they should keep no selfish motives in mind while offering sacrifices and executing acts of devotion for the Cause. The aim should not be to knock out an Emperor and occupy the vacant throne i.e., to become a Caesar replacing another Caesar. The objectives of the struggle should be completely free from the taint of selfish motives like gaining wealth or goods, fame and applause, personal glory or elevation. All sacrifices and exertions should be directed to achieve the one and the only end i.e., the establishment of a just and equitable social order among human beings; and the only reward in view should be to gain the favour of God. The Holy Qur’an says: ‘Those who believe fight in the way of God and the unbelievers fight in the way of Tāghūt (Devil)’. (4: 76) The word Tāghūt is derived from ‘Tughian’ (the deluge) which bears the meaning ‘to cross the limit’. When the river crosses its boundaries we say ‘the deluge has come’. Similarly, when man transgresses all lawful bounds and exerts himself to assume the position of the Lord over human beings or to expropriate more goods than are rightfully his due, this is called as ‘fighting in the way of Tāghūt’. In contrast to this ‘fighting in the way of God’ refers to the struggle for the establishment of God’s just order in the world. The fighter’s aim is to abide by the law of God himself and enforce it among other human beings. In connection with this point, the Holy Qur an says: ‘We shall confer dignity in the Eternal world upon those who do not seek to establish their might in the world and do not wish to create strife. Success in the world Hereafter awaits those who are God-fearing’. (28: 83) It is reported in the Traditions that an individual enquired from the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), "What does ‘war in the cause of Allah’ imply? A man fights to obtain goods. Another engages in battle to secure a reputation for valour. A third man fights to wreak vengeance upon the other or is impelled to fight for national honour. Who, among these men, is a fighter ‘in the way of God" The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) answered: "None. Only he fights in the way of the Lord who holds no other purpose than the glorification of God". Another tradition relates: "If a man engaged in battle entertains in his heart a desire to obtain out of the war only a rope to tie his camel with, his reward shall be forfeited". God accepts only such needs as are executed for the purpose of obtaining His Goodwill and the doers seek to serve no personal or collective objectives. Hence from the standpoint of Islam, the condition ‘in the way of God’ is of utmost importance in relation to ‘Jihad’. Mere striving is done by all living creatures in the world. Every one is doing his utmost to secure his purpose. But the most important, nay, the fundamental ideal among the revolutionary doctrines of that Revolutionary Party called ‘Muslims’ is to expend all the powers of body and soul, your life and goods in the fight against the evil forces of the world, not that having annihilated them you should step into their shoes, but in order that evil and contumacy should be wiped out and God’s Law should be enforced in the world. After having briefly elucidated the meaning of Jihad and the significance of the clause ‘in the way of God’, I wish to explain in brief terms the Revolutionary Creed which Islam upholds so that it may be easily understood why Jihād is needed and what is the objective of Jihad?

answered 437 el%20ebdaa's gravatar image
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Asked: Jun 08 '13 at 07:53

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Last updated: Jun 11 '13 at 04:18

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