What is the fadak incident in detail

asked 765830 yaqin's gravatar image

the brother Devoted has done a great job all praise be to Allah

(Jun 24 '13 at 15:11) yaqin ♦ yaqin's gravatar image

Fadak had been one of the villages around Medinah situated at a distance of 140 kilometres from Khaybar. In the year 7 ah when the forts of Khaybar fell one after another to the soldiers of Islam and the central power of the Jews was smashed, the inhabitants of Fadak approached the Noble Prophet (S.) in submission and handed over one half of their land and gardens to him retaining the other half for themselves. In addition, they also agreed to shoulder the responsibility of cultivating his share of the land and used to receive some benefits for this effort of theirs.

In view of the verse of booty (Fai), this land was specific to the Noble Prophet (S.) and he could utilize it for himself or use it in other instances as stated in verse 7 of Suratul Hashr and accordingly, he gifted it to his daughter Fatimah (s.a.). This is a fact, which has been emphasized and stated by numerous Sunnite and Shi'ite historians and commentators. In the commentary al-Durrul Manthur, it has been narrated from Ibne 'Abbas that when the verse:

{ وَ آتِ ذَا الْقُربـى حَقَّهُ }

“Then give to the near of kin his due”[128]

was revealed, the Noble Prophet (S.) gifted Fadak to Fatimah (s.a.):[129]

أَقطَعَ رَسُولُ اللٌّهِ فَااَطِمَةَ فَدَکٌَ.

In the chapter of silah rahim (establishing bonds of consanguinity) of the book Kanz al-'Ummal, written as annotations for the book Musnad of Ahmad ibne Hanbal, it has been reported from Abu Sa'id Khudri that when the above verse was revealed, the Noble Prophet (S.) sought Fatimah (s.a.) and said to her:

ياَ فاَطِمَةُ لَکِ فَدَکٌُ.

“O' Fatimah! Fadak is for you.”[130]

Hakim Nishaburi has also reported this same meaning in his book, which deals with history.[131]

Ibne Abil Hadid too, in his commentary of Nahjul Balaghah, has mentioned the incident of Fadak in great detail[132] and so too have numerous other books.

But after the Noble Prophet (S.) those, who perceived this economic power in the hands of 'Ali's (a.s.) spouse as a danger to their political power and were determined to isolate his supporters in every respect, confiscated it on the basis of a fabricated tradition:

نَحْنُ مَعَاشِرَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ لاَ نُوَرِّثُ.

And despite the fact that Fatimah (s.a.) was in official possession of the land - and one in possession of something is not asked to present witnesses - she was asked to present her witnesses (that Fadak belonged to her). She presented them, who testified that the Noble Prophet (S.) had personally gifted it to her, but they disregarded these witnesses. In later periods, those Caliphs who desired to express their inclinations towards the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.), would return Fadak to them but soon after another would come up and confiscate it once again! This was repeated on numerous occasions during the time of the Umayyad and the 'Abbasid caliphs.

The incident of Fadak and the events associated with it during the initial stages of Islam and in the later eras are of the most painful, sorrowful but at the same time, the most admonitory portions of the history of Islam which ought to be placed under meticulous study so that it illuminates various other incidents of Islam.

Significantly, the Sunni narrator - Muslim ibne Hajjaj Nishaburi - has reported the incident of Fatimah's (s.a.) demand for Fadak in detail in his book Sahih Muslim and reports from 'Aishah that after the first Caliph's refusal to return Fadak to Fatimah (s.a.), she was enraged with him and did not speak a word to him for as long as she was alive.[133] and [134]

Notes: [128] Suratul Rum (30), Verse 38

[129]al-Durr al-Manthur, vol. 4, pg. 177

[130] Kanzul 'Ummal, vol. 2, pg. 158

[131] Refer the book Fadak, pg. 49

[132] Sharh of Nahjul Balagha of Ibn Abil Hadid, vol. 16, pg. 209 onwards

[134] Tafsir-e-Namuna, vol. 23, pg. 510


Source(s): al-islam.org

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answered 4411142 UnknownUser's gravatar image

@ Devoted thankyou for the answer for I know that you understand that the history must be told whether it is glorious or ugly, knowledge comes from studying and studying only one side is indoctrination. On the contrary to what some may say, I bring up certain issues to enlighten those who may not know, for on the day in which there is no doubt, Allah will judge in that in which we differ. All of the proof you used I have intensely researched in the pass and much more, and we both know that the sunnah can never abrogate the Qur'an, and what must be known for those that donot is that, this incident is when the sunnah abrogated the Qur'an and we must not forget that any hadeeth that goes against the Qur'an must be rejected. Fatima, may Allah have mercy on her, died and she did not want the khalifah to give her Janaza nor did she speak to him one word after this injustice. It is sad that the Rasul's daughter was treated like this, just thinking about it brings tears to my eyes, especially when I think of what happened to her son Muhsin whom was named such by the Rasul saws before he returned to Allah. Not to bring this up and for us not to study about the history with a openmind is a mistake. Again my brother I thank you for the haqq.Salaam

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answered 765830 yaqin's gravatar image
-1

You can do this for yourself. Google 'Fadak Incident' and read!

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answered 4411142 UnknownUser's gravatar image

No Paul. Im sure he knows. He wants to ask and have answered so others can learn the right haqq. :) so if you know the answer please do enlighten :).

(Jun 19 '13 at 02:19) sadie ♦ sadie's gravatar image

I agree, Sadie, that he knows perfectly well. As for the truth of this matter: I have no idea. I can know only what those on both sides of the Shia/Sunni divide have to say about it.

I am inclined to believe that what is being sought here is not Truth. It is justification for the divide itself, and for the blood that has been shed over centuries to this very day.

(Jun 19 '13 at 02:33) UnknownUser UnknownUser's gravatar image

the division is do to the powers that be not wanting to speak on certain events that are documented in the history of Islam, and this topic has nothing to do with sunni or shia it is history. and as muslims we should know what went on for taqleed (blind following) is forbidden in Islam, true now both sides have a view and me not being sunni or shia I must take the strongest proof and teach that,for I'm not pushing a madhab.so what im doing is a teaching tool for myself first and the people.and I will listen to both sides or any side than I will refer it back to Allah and His Rasul.salaam

(Jun 19 '13 at 03:15) yaqin ♦ yaqin's gravatar image

Fair enough. So Google 'Fadak Incident' and read!

(Jun 19 '13 at 04:05) UnknownUser UnknownUser's gravatar image

read this it is needed

(Jul 01 '13 at 14:56) yaqin ♦ yaqin's gravatar image

History is the foundation

(Jul 05 '13 at 09:33) yaqin ♦ yaqin's gravatar image

this incident goes with what happened at saqeefah

(Jul 15 '13 at 11:03) yaqin ♦ yaqin's gravatar image

Needs to be read

(Jul 24 '13 at 08:15) yaqin ♦ yaqin's gravatar image

Reminding profits the believers. Salaam

(Mar 22 at 16:54) yaqin ♦ yaqin's gravatar image
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Asked: Jun 18 '13 at 22:18

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Last updated: Mar 22 at 16:54


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