Is it obligatory for a woman to wear hijab in a form of burqa or abaya or wearing traditional clothes with a head scarf works just the same?
A Muslim woman does not need to wear the hijab (headscarf) when in the presence of her:
Father; Grandfather; Great-grandfather; Brother; Son; Grandson; Great-grandson; Uncle; Great-uncle; Nephew; Grandnephew; Great-grandnephew; Father-in-law; Son-in-law; Stepfather (her mother’s husband) if their marriage is consummated; Stepson (her husband’s son) if their marriage is consummated.
In most cultures her face and hands can be visible. In some she must be completely covered.
Perhaps you should follow the example of other Muslim women in your own country.
I hope this helps.
A Muslim woman must wear a headscarf and jilbaab, the definition of jilbaab being one, loose, outer garment. She must only show her face and hands and not draw attention to herself with excessive adornment. Black is not necessary - the Prophet (SAW)'s wife, Aisha, used to dye her clothes with saffron. However, if you are surrounded by those wearing black and you are wearing red or yellow, this would be drawing attention to yourself, so it would be better to wear black.
Jilbaab is NOT a minority or extremist view in Islam. The four major schools of thought all accept it. Those who don't accept it are non-orthodox scholars who have sprung up in the last two decades. Jilbaab is NOT optional.
Surah Ahzab, Ayah 59:
"O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful."
The word used for "outer garments" here is "jalabeeb" which is the plural of "jilbaab".
The Prophet (SAW) said to those who did not have jilbaab: "Let her borrow one from her sister." It is NOT acceptable to leave the house without it. When the ruling for covering came down, the women removed their curtains in order to cover themselves before leaving the house.
As for niqab, covering the face, this is something that was commanded for the wives of the Prophet (SAW) ONLY, as far as I know.
Furthermore, jilbaab is NOT a traditional/cultural thing; although many have made it part of their culture, it is above all an Islamic Dress Code. The Arab women used to wear low necked dresses and bare their ankles, and their clothing was tight so as to show the shape of their bodies. Jilbaab was what Allah sent down to the Prophet (SAW), and was not already in use.
And Allah knows best.
1) there are no specific items of clothing that Muslim women must wear in public, but there are general guidelines:
1) The clothing must be loose, not tight (tight clothes will show your figure)
2) the clothing must be opaque, not transparent (transparent clothes are just as bad as no clothes)
3) The clothes must cover the woman's whole body - except the hands and face
note: many ulema believe that the face must also be covered in public.