If a father was in a situation during the birth of his child where the doctors told him he had to choose whose life to save, since they could only save one of them (and they had the same chances of survival, which one should he choose? If the mother is conscious, should she decide?
This reply is for brother Yaqin and his question regarding the tyrant and thus answers the original question indirectly.
You know how to ask a ‘thinking’ question and it is good for our brain muscle and the knowledge which is gained so may Alaah SWT bless you for that. Here is my research and thinking revealed for your feedback: Tazahum ul-WAJaaIB is the jurisprudence of priorities. Priorities have two divisions:
So the Sharia Definitions are as follows:
So, the Quran is the first source of legislation in Islam and the Prophet's Sunnah is the second source of legislation and both should be referred to for guidance.
Now to have a look at the situation which you have chosen for our illustrative purposes:
Here we have a tyrant who is holding captured Muslim brothers as a human shield.
Freeing people from tyranny and exploitation by oppressive systems was one of the missions of Prophet Muhammad(S).
And Allah SWT says:
"And why should you not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)? Men, women, and children, whose cry is: 'Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You, one who will protect; and raise for us from You, one who will help'." 4:75
The Qur'an permits fighting to defend the religion of Islam and the Muslims. This permission includes fighting in self defence and for the protection of family and property.
"Fight in the cause of Allah against those who fight against you, but do not transgress limits. Lo! Allah loves not aggressors. ... And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against transgressors." 2:190,193 Fighting the tyrant as it relates to the victory of Islam becomes a first and foremost duty, or a priority (al-awwal).
In relation to protecting the brothers in Islam, Alaah SWT says:
'And hold fast , all of you together to the rope of Allah , and do not separate' (3:103)
'And the believers, men and women, are protecting friends of one another, they enjoin the right and forbid the wrong' (9:71)
'Te believers are naught else than brothers. Therefore make peace between your brethren and observe your duty to Allah that haply ye may obtain mercy' (49:10)
The Prophet (SAW) said: 'You will see the believers in their mutual kindness, love and sympathy just like one body. When a limb complains, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever' (Muslim and Bukhari)
"You shall not enter Paradise until you believe; and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not guide you to a thing? Which when done, will make you love one another: Spread the greeting of Salam among you"- (Muslim)
“A muslim is a brother to a Muslim: Neither he wrongs him, nor hands him over (to another). And who so comes in need of his brother , Allah comes in his need ;and who so removes a calamity of a Muslim, Allah will remove a calamity from the calamities of the Resurrection Day, and who so conceals the faults of a Muslim, Allah will conceal his sins on the Resurrection Day” (Bukhari and Muslim)
Thus, protecting the brothers in Islam also becomes a first and foremost duty, or a priority (al-awwal).
Now, we have to ask ourselves ‘Which of these two duties have priority (Al-Awwaaliyat) over the other?
In this case, it is the defence and victory of Islam that takes precedence over the brothers because Islam is the right way and the salvation for the whole of mankind.
Salaam, lets approach this question islamically inshallah, in islam there is a concept called Tazahum:this when two factors meet at the sametime and the laws of islam must be applyed to both. Example: There is a tyrant that has captured Muslims soldiers in a war, the tyrant uses the captured muslims as a human sheild, meaning the only way to get to the enemy the muslims would have to kill there brothers. If they don't then Islam will be defeated and if they do they would have killed innocent brothers. What should be done???? The answer to this question of tazahum will answer this question asked, inshallah. Please answer.....
When a woman dies in childbirth, she will die as a martyr. This is indicative of the virtue of her condition. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The woman who dies in pregnancy or childbirth is a martyr.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 3111; classed as saheeh by al-Nawawi in Sharh Muslim, 13/62. And he said: the one who dies in childbirth, i.e., she dies with something (the child) inside, not separated from her. as far as allowing the child to die I don't know of any proofs that would support it. Still researching. But at thos point I would say save the child. Especially if the mother wants the child to live. Salam
This is a lil hard, but it is easy also. For the thing is to that since the child will be a baby and the wife will be a adult, so should the man rescue the mother. Since he can after make with the mother another baby right after, he just have to wait 9months for the baby is here. But the baby have not gotten a soul or mind yet, it is just a baby still. Not before the child has become older and can react to sounds and talk has the baby a soul. For God does not give the child a soul before he knows the baby is old enough. The only thing you see is the child´s body, it just screams and are a little baby. But when the child have gotten a soul, then he starts to try to talk back and stand up on his own later. You could say that when the child stand up the first time on his own legs then he has gotten a soul... For then he is human, for humans stand on their own feet.