The 6 kalimas in Islam. Where did they come from? Which time they were formulated and by what person? I can not find any explanation about them.
sob7an-Allah (exalted is Allah) (holy and pure from any defect); it was mentioned in many verses like; 12:108, 21:22, 23:91, 27:8 "wa Sob7an-Allahi Rabb-el-3alameen" exalted is Allah the Lord of the worlds.
we are told that angels exalt Allah (na7nou nosabi7ou be7amdik) in the verse 2:30, 2:32. 21:20...etc. also we are told that all within earth and skies are exalting Allah in (17:44)"The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. And there is not a thing except that it exalts [Allāh] by His praise, but you do not understand their [way of] exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving." it is a command to prophet Muhammad to exalt Allah "So exalt with praising your Lord and be from the ones who do sujoud/prostration."(15:98) it is the du3aa of the dwellers of Jannah; "their supplication in it is sobhanak Allahumma(exalted are you Allah) and their salutation in it is peace/salaam and their last du3aa is elhamdoulellahi Rabbel3alameen." (10:10) The prophets of Allah including Younis upon them peace exalted Allah when his du3aa/call in the belly of the whale was "la ilaha illa anta sob7anak enni kontou minal-zalimeen" (21:87)
El7amdoulellah all praisings and thanks are to Allah was mentioned in the second verse of Quran(1:2) "El7amdoulellahi rabbel 3alameen" and its sealed the sourah no.17 and started the sourah no.18 and in many verses of Quran like; "elhamdoulellah who created the heavens and the earth and made the darkness and the light. Then those who disbelieve equate [others] with their Lord."(6:1).. it is the du3aa of the dwellers of jannah as I said above in verse 10:10 and also in the verse 7:43)"And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, [while] flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, "Praise to Allāh, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if Allāh had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth..."it is the du3aa of many prophets like sayidna Ibrahim in souraht Ibrahim verse 39 when he said; Al7amdoulellah who granted me in an old age Ismail and Isaac, indeed my Lord is hearing the du3aa/supplication/call. also the sayings of sayidna Dawoud and Solayman when they said; "Al7amdoulellahi who preffered us upon many of His righteous servants."(27:15).. it is a command to sayidna Muhammad(asws); "and say, el7amdoulellah and salaam upon His servants that he chose..."(27:59) some sourah were started with "Elhamdoulellah" like Sabaa and Fatir and sealed souraht ess-saaffaaat "sob7an Rabbika Rabb/Lord of mighty above what they describe, and Salaam upon the messengers and Elhamdoulellahi Rabbel 3alameen.
laa ilaha illa Allah, there is no deity except Allah, no-thing to be worshipped except Allah la ilaha ila howa (there is no deity except He).. "and your deity is one/single deity, there is no deity except He(la ilaha illa howa"(2:163) .. "Allah, there is no deity except Him Al7ayyou AlQyyoum..."(2:255 and 3:2) "Allah witnessed that there is no deity except Him and the angels and the ones of knowledge, la ilaha illa howa AlAziz Al-7akim"(3:18) it is a command to the prophet; "..say 'Hasbiya-Allah(sufficient for me is Allah) la ilaha illa Howa, upon Him I rely and it is He the Lord of the great throne."(Al-tawba:129).. "Allah, laa ilaha illa Howa to Him belongs the best Names"(20:8) It is the command of Allah sent down to us via messengers of angels upon what He choose from human messengers so we might be warned; " He sends down the angels, with the inspiration of His command, upon whom He wills of His servants, [telling them], "Warn that (la ilaha illa ana) there is no deity except Me; so fear Me."(16:2).. and when Allah spoke to Moses, He said; "It is ME ALLAH LA ILAHA ILLA ANA(no deity except Me) so worship Me and perform the Salah for My remembrance." (20:14) the dwellers of Jahannam/Hell were haughty when they heard the word "la ilaha illa Allah" as in (37:35).. "Indeed they, when it was said to them, "There is no deity but Allāh,(la ilaha illa Allah") were arrogant.
Allahou Akbar, Allah is greater.. greater than anything in front of our eyes or mind it was the proof of sayidna Ibrahim (pbuh) that Allah should be the greater when He said; "...This my Lord, this is bigger/greater" (6:78) we are commanded to say Allah Akbar in the verse (2:185 and 22:37)
la 7awla wala qowwata ila bellah, no circumstance nor power but by Allah was mentioned in the verse (18:39) "...ma-shaa Allah, la qowwata illa bellah..
tabarak-Allah, Blessed is Allah "..tabrak Allahou Rabbel 3alameen"(7:54).. "Tabarak Allah the best of creators"(23:14).. Tabarak whom has sent down the Furqan upon His servant to be to the all worlds as a warner"(25:1).. Tabarak the name of Your lord of Jalaal/majestic and Ikram/generosity/nobelhood" (55:78) Tabarak whom in His hands is the ownership and He is upon everything able/capable."(67:1)
all these kalimaat/words are pure to Allah without mentioning anything with Him, Allah taught them to us in His books and through his servants. Sobhan Allah (pure from any defect is Him, exalted is Him), Elhamdoulellah(all praising and thanks are to Him for every thing/favor/gift), la ilaha ila Allah (there is no object deserve our worshipping except Him), Allahou Akbar(Allah is greater as there is nothing as like unto Him and no equivalent to Him. and He is more important than anything else).. la 7awla wala qowwata illa bellah el 3aley el 3azim (there is no power but by Allah, whatever He wills will be and He is the source of all powers.) tabarak Allah, blessed is Him because of the countless good in Him.
Al salaamou alaikum
Salaam brother/sister, Here is a link which mey help. (There are many other links but I don't think that this is what you are after as your question asks about the origins).
As it is explained, quote
"The 6 (six) Kalimas are recorded in various books of knowledge, and are recited (and remembered) by people across the globe. These kalimas were compiled together for children to memorise and learn the basic fundamentals of a Muslim's beliefs. They are not found altogether complete in any one hadith or narration from the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, some of them can be found individually in the narrations.'
If the kalimas are allegedly Bida'h as some say, then where is the proof? Is it an innovation like the Tawheed which is divided into three categories? It requires research. Our brother Yaqin will surely be able to shed some light.
The Six Kalimahs are recorded in various books of knowledge. These kalimahs were compiled together for people to memorize and learn the fundamentals of Islam. These have been compiled from various Sahih Hadiths. Kalimas are verses taken and used , from The Quran. Also these kalimahs are used in zikr and have great reward and relinquishing of sins. In the book of Faza"il-E"Maal, in the section of "virtues of zikr", then all becomes apparent. The Prophet Muhammad,saw, mentioned about using the first three kalimas, and mentioned the power and effectiveness of them.
Kalimah Tayyibah Also known as the Word of Purity
"lā ilāha illa'llāh, muhammadur rasūlu'llāh" There is no god but Allah, [and] Muhammad [peace be upon him] is the messenger of Allah.
Kalimah Shahadah Also known as the word of testimony
Ašhadu a lā ilāha illā'llāh waḥdah lā šarīka lahu, wa ašhadu anna muḥammadan ʿabduhu wa rasūluhu. I bear witness that (there is) no god except Allah; One is He, no partner hath He, and I bear witness that Muhammad (Sall-Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is His Servant and Messenger.
Kalimah Tamjeed Also known as the word of glorification
Subhāna-llāhi, wa-l-hamdu li-llāhi, wa lā ilāha illā-llāhu, Wa l-lahu akbar, Wa lā hawla wa lā quwwata illā bi-llāhi-l-ʿaliyyi-l-ʿaẓīm Exalted is Allah, and praise be to Allah, and there is no deity except Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. And there is no might nor power except in Allah, the Most High, the Most Great.
Kalimah Tawheed Also known as the word of unity
la ilaha ill-allahu waḥdahu lā Sharīka lahu la-hul-mulku wa lahu'l-ḥamdu yuh-yi wa yumītu wa huwa ḥayyu-llā yamūtu abadan abada zul-jalali wal ikraam biyadhi-l khayr wa-huwa alla-kulli shay-in qad-r (There is) no god except Allah - One is He, no partners hath He. His is the Dominion, and His is the Praise. He gives life and causes death, and He is Living, who will not die, never. He of Majesty and Munificence. Within His Hand is (all) good. And He is, upon everything, Able (to exert His Will).
Kalimah Istighfar The word of Penitence
astaġfiru-llāha rabbī min kulli zanbin aznabtuhu ʿamadan aw khaṭāʾan sirran aw ʿalāniyyatan wa atūbu ilayhi mina-thanbi-llaḏī aʿlamu wa mina-thanbi-llaḏī lā aʿlamu innaka anta ʿallāmu-l-ġuyūbi wa sattāru-ʿuyūbi wa ġaffāru-thunūbi wa lā ḥawla wa lā quwwata illā bi-llāhi-l-ʿaliyyi-l-ʿaẓīm. "I seek forgiveness from Allah, my Lord, from every sin I committed knowingly or unknowingly, secretly or openly, and I turn towards Him from the sin that I know and from the sin that I do not know. Certainly You, You (are) the knower of the hidden things and the Concealer (of) the mistakes and the Forgiver (of) the sins. And (there is) no power and no strength except from Allah, the Most High, the Most Great".
Kalimah Radde Kufr The words of rejecting disbelief
Allahumma innii a'udhu bika min an ushrika bika shai-anw- wa ana a'lamu bihii. Was tagh fi ru ka limaa laa alamu bihee. Tubtu anhu wa tabar-ra'-tu min al-kufri-wash-shirki wal-kizdhbi wal-ghiibati wal-bid’ati wan-namiimati wal fawaahishi wal-buhtani w-al-ma’aasii kulliha. Wa aslamtu wa aquulu La illaha illAllahu Muhammadur RasulAllah
(O Allah! Certainly I seek protection with You from, that I associate partner with You anything and I know it. And I seek forgiveness from You for that I do not know it. I repented from it and I made myself free from disbelief and polytheism and the falsehood and the back-biting and the innovation and the tell-tales and the bad deeds and the blame and the disobedience, all of them. And I submit and I say (there is) none worthy of worship except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.)
These Kalimahs, as mentioned above, are taken from the Quran. The Quran is an explanation of the Kalimah Tayyabah, because the basic objective of the Quran and of the deen of Islam is Tauheed. It is to propogate the Tauheed that the messengers of Allah were sent to all the revealed religions, and for this reason the subject of Tauheed has all along been dealt with under different headings to establish its truth. Kalimah Tayyabah (sacred utterance) is also called Kalimah tauheed ( utterance of unity). The other headings being, utterance of sincerity, utterance of piety, strong rope, call of truth, price of paradise.
Ayats of the Quran, of Kalimah Tayybah,...............
Your Allah is one Allah,There is no god save Him....(Baqarah,163)
There is no god but He--the living , The Eternal....(Baqarah,155) (Ale-Imran,2)
In all 85 times this Kalimah appears in various wordings.
There are numerous Hadiths, about zikr, Rssulullah,saw,has said of the azkar, the repetition of( kalimah Tayybah) is the best,and of all the duas,(Kalimah Tayybah) is the best.
you mean "el baqiyaat el salihaat" (the remaining, the good/s) as mentioned in Quran in two verses; "Wealth and children are [but] adornment of the worldly life. But (al baqiyaatou essali7aat)the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for [one's] hope." (18:46)
" And Allāh increases those who were guided, in guidance, and (al baqiyaatou essalihaat) the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for recourse." (19:76)
and el baqiyaatou essalihaat as told by prophet Muhammad salla Allahou 3alayhi wa sallam are four; "1.Sob7aan-Allah, 2.El7amdoulellah, 3.laa ilaha illa Allah, 4.Allahou Akbar, and 5. la 7awla wala qowwata ila bellah).. (1.Exalted is Allah and pure from any defect/incomplete,2. all praising and thanks are to Allah, 3.no deity but Allah, 4.Allah is greater
and also 5.no circumstance nor power but by Allah.).. may be as some scholar said that the sixth word is tabarak Allah= Blessed is Allah.. (blessed means the many-good).. and the source of all these words are from Quran.. (if you wish I will show you where in Quran it was mentioned, plz let me know if so)
the weight of good deeds and the benefit in these words(of Zikr-illah/Allah's remembrance) is infinite it is better than this world and whatever is in it. if I can tell you some of it;
1)it is the best words to Allah; أَحَبُّ الْكَلَامِ إِلَى اللَّهِ أَرْبَعٌ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا يَضُرُّكَ بِأَيِّهِنَّ بَدَأْت the most beloved words to Allah are four; Sob7aan-Allah, El7amdoulellah, laa ilaha illa Allah and Allahou Akbar, it does not matter with which one you start(it does not matter the order)
2)it is the seeds of jannah as in hadith لَقِيتُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِي فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَقْرِئْ أُمَّتَكَ مِنِّي السَّلَامَ وَأَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنَّ الْجَنَّةَ طَيِّبَةُ التُّرْبَةِ عَذْبَةُ الْمَاءِ وَأَنَّهَا قِيعَانٌ وَأَنَّ غِرَاسَهَا سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ
3)It will fill the balance(with good deeds) الطُّهُورُ شَطْرُ الْإِيمَانِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلَأُ الْمِيزَانَ وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلَآَنِ أَوْ تَمْلَأُ مَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْض the purity is the half of Iman, and elhamdoulellah will fill the balance/mizan, and sob7an allah walhamdoulellah will fill what is between earth and skies.
4) it is considered a sadaqa/charity; يُصْبِحُ عَلَى كُلِّ سُلَامَى مِنْ أَحَدِكُمْ صَدَقَةٌ فَكُلُّ تَسْبِيحَةٍ صَدَقَةٌ وَكُلُّ تَحْمِيدَةٍ صَدَقَةٌ وَكُلُّ تَهْلِيلَةٍ صَدَقَةٌ وَكُلُّ تَكْبِيرَةٍ صَدَقَةٌ وَأَمْرٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ صَدَقَةٌ وَنَهْيٌ عَنْ الْمُنْكَرِ صَدَقَةٌ وَيُجْزِئُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ رَكْعَتَانِ يَرْكَعُهُمَا مِنْ الضُّحَى in the morning upon you a charity/sadaqa, so each tasbi7a(saying sobhanAllah) is a sadaqa, and every ta7mida(saying elhamdoulellah) is a sadaqa and prohibiting from evil deed is a sadaqa and rewarded better from all of these a two rakaat in Doha/morning.
5) it is better than the world; لَأَنْ أَقُولَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِمَّا طَلَعَتْ عَلَيْهِ الشَّمْسُ To say; sobhan Allah walhamdoulellah wa laa ilaha ila Allah wa-Allahou Akbar is better for me than whatever the sun rise upon.
6) the best zikr; أَفْضَلُ الذِّكْرِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّه the best (most preferred) Zikr/remembrance is; la ilaha ilaa Allah.
7) the best duaa is "Elhamdoulellah"
8) it is a treasure of Jannah.. la 7awla wala qowwata illa bellah.
the list goes on for endless benefits in these words of tamgid and tahmid and tawhid and takbir...etc may Allah benefit us with them. and jazakum Allahou khayran.
I surrender! There are not very much information about this subject. I think the following conclusions can be useful: - THE SIX KALIMAS were compiled together for people to memorize and learn the fundamentals of Islam; - THE SIX KALIMAS are used in zikr. Maybe it's not very important to know the details...