Allah says He is with you whereever you are, does that mean He is everywhere???
"It is He who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth and what emerges from it and what descends from the heaven and what ascends therein; and He is with you wherever you are. And Allāh, of what you do, is Seeing." (57:4)
"Have you not considered that Allāh knows what is in the heavens and what is on the earth? There is in no private conversation three but that He is the fourth of them, nor are there five but that He is the sixth of them – and no less than that and no more except that He is with them wherever they are. Then He will inform them of what they did, on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed Allāh is, of all things, Knowing." (58:7)
"And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein" (50:16)
Everything have two sides; 1. External/appearing (and this is side that we all see) 2.Internal/inside (the side between everything and Allah).. that is why Allah said; "The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. And there is not a thing except that it exalts [Allāh] by His praise, but you do not understand their [way of] exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving." (17:44)
so everything from the side which is between it and Allah is exalting/tasbi7 Allah, but we do not see this because we see from the external side. Allah is nearer to us than our jugular vein but there is hujub/covers/veils between us and Him from His mercy because if this hujub is discovered we will be burnt/dissolve and this from the mercy of Allah until Allah allow and give the ability to the believers (i hope we be among them) to see Him in the last world.
But regarding the place and time. Allah created the time and place that is why we can not ask;"what was before Allah?". because the word before is related to the time that Allah created. and also to ask;" where is Allah? it is wrong before He created the place so there is no place that will include/encompass Him Soub7anahou wa ta3ala 3amma yassifoon, He was there and there was nothing with Him and He is in the state that He is without change.