Is there any proof that prophets do or don't leave inhetitance???
Sahih Muslim - Book 19: The Book of Jihad and Expedition (Kitab Al-Jihad wa'l-Siyar) Chapter 16: THE SAYING OF THE PROPHET (MAY PEACE BE UPON HIM):" WE (PROPHETS) DO NOT HAVE ANY HEIRS; WHAT WE LEAVE BEHIND IS (TO BE GIVEN IN) CHARITY"
Book 019, Number 4351: It is narrated on the authority of 'A'isha who said: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) passed away, his wives made up their minds to send 'Uthman b. 'Affan (as their spokesman) to Abu Bakr to demand from him their share from the legacy of the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him). (At this), A'isha said to them: Hasn't the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said:" We (Prophets) do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is (to be given in) charity"? .................................... Similar Hadeeth can be found in Sahih Bukhari , Musnad Of Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal etc.........
Their inheritance was "the knowledge".
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), known as the 'hafidh of the Sahabah', narrated that he once visited the market-place where he found people engaged in the usual trading. He then told them,
"You are here trading while people are distributing the inheritance of the Prophet (peace be upon him ). " Where is this happening," they asked excitedly as they were eager to acquire a relic of the Prophet, saw, for themselves. "In the masjid," Abu Hurayrah (r.a.) replied. So all of them rushed to the masjid but found none of the Prophet's (s) possessions there. They asked the companion, " Why do you say the inheritance is being distributed when none is to be found ?" " What did you find there?" Abu Hurayrah (r) asked. " We found people in circles studying Quran and Hadith." " That is the inheritance," Abu Hurayrah (r) replied.
yes, what Prophet Muhammad, saw, left behind was to be given saddaqah. And no part did his wives have in any of it. What was left was for the ummah only.
sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4355: It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah said: My heirs cannot share even a dinar (from my legacy); what I leave behind after paving maintenance allowance to my wives and remuneration to my manager is (to go in) charity.
Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4351: It is narrated on the authority of 'Aisha who said: When the Messenger of Allah passed away, his wives made up their minds to send 'Uthman b. 'Affan (as their spokesman) to Abu Bakr to demand from him their share from the legacy of the Holy Prophet . (At this), Aisha said to them: Hasn't the Messenger of Allah said: "We (Prophets) do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is (to be given in) charity"?
Salaam my beloved brothers, inshallah lets begin with the kalam of Allah azza wal jall, " Then give to the near of kin his due." (30:38inpart) Kanz al-Ummal book which is an annotation for the book musnad of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, in chapter Silah Rahim, it states that it has been reported from Abu Sa'id Khudri that when the above verse was revealed the Rasul saws sought Fatima and said to her, "O Fatima! Fadak is for you." (Kanzul Ummal, vol 2 page 158). Also my beloved brothers, in the commentary Al-Durrul Manthur, it has been narrated from Ibn Abbas that when this verse was revealed the Rasul saws gifted fadak to Fatima. (Al-Durrul Al-Manthur vol.4 page 177). Hakim Nishaburi has presented the same in his book, also Sharh of Nahjul Balagha of Ibn Hadid, vol.16, page 209, has presented the same in his book. Beloved there are numerous others that state this claim. Keep in mind two points, one, It has been reported by the mother of the believers that Fatima was angry with Abu Bakr over this incident, and she didnt speak to him anymore. Also remember what the Rasul saws is reported to have said,"Fatima is from me any who angers her has angered me and whoever angers me has also angered Allah." Both of these hadiths can be found in sahih muslim. Never will I say Fatima was wrong for not speaking to Abu Bakr, and as far as him I pray he made the right decesion for his sake for to wrong the daughter of the Rasul is a serious offense. Now I ask you both, if the Rasul gave anyone anything before he passed is it considered an inheritance after he is gone? All of you presented your proof to the first question, may Allah reward you. Salaam
This is what i understand now to be, that Muhammad did leave behind various forms of property. And for Fatima to be so angry tells me she perhaps was deservedly right to claim. As it states in the previous hadith, muslim,019,4351, sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4355: (It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah said: My heirs cannot share even a dinar (from my legacy); what I leave behind after paving maintenance allowance to my wives and remuneration to my manager is (to go in) charity.) that the wifes should of been given dues, and what was left would go into charity. There are many disputs and arguments after the death of Muhammad,saw, that Ali, r.a, kept alive the debate.
Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4354:
…The Messenger of Allah said:" We do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is Sadaqa (charity)." The narrator said: She (Fatima) lived six months after the death of the Messenger of Allah and she used to demand from Abu Bakr her share from the legacy of the Messenger of Allah from Khaibar, Fadak and his charitable endowments at Medina. Abu Bakr refused to give her this, and said: I am not going to give up doing anything which the Messenger of Allah used to do. I am afraid that it I go against his instructions in any matter I shall deviate from the right course. So far as the charitable endowments at Medina were concerned, 'Umar handed them over to 'Ali and Abbas, but 'Ali got the better of him (and kept the property under his exclusive possession). And as far as Khaibar and Fadak were concerned 'Umar kept them with him, and said: These are the endowments of the Messenger of Allah (to the Umma). Their income was spent on the discharge of the responsibilities that devolved upon him on the emergencies he had to meet. And their management was to be in the hands of one who managed the affairs (of the Islamic State). The narrator said: They have been managed as such up to this day.
The Sunan of Abu Dawud, , adds the following details…
Sunan of Abu Dawud Book 19, Number 2961: Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: Malik ibn Aws al-Hadthan said: One of the arguments put forward by Umar was that he said that the Apostle of Allah received three things exclusively to himself: Banu an-Nadir, Khaybar and Fadak. The Banu an-Nadir property was kept wholly for his emergent needs, Fadak for travelers, and Khaybar was divided by the Apostle of Allah into three sections: two for Muslims, and one as a contribution for his family. If anything remained after making the contribution of his family, he divided it among the poor Emigrants.
Asalaam o alaikum, again about this inheritance. I have had a problem getting my head around the disputes and the kind of contradictions within the Hadiths. Do we know if these Hadiths are strong or weak. Yes it Fadak was given as a gift/ inheritance before she died. I sense the anger and the huniliation that Fatima, emits, and in my mind it tells me she was so right to make an uproar. I have had this dua, sermon of Fatimas for a while and just read it again. Now this gives the perspective from her own mouth. Here is just the segment regarding inheritance.
**O Muslims! Will my inheritance be usurped?
O son of Abu Quhafa! Where is it in the Book of Allah that you inherit your father and I do not inherit mine?
Surely you have come up with an unprecedented thing.
Do you intentionally abandon the Book of Allah and cast it behind your back?
Do you not read where it says: And Sulaiman inherited Dawood'?
And when it narrates the story of Zakariya and says:
`So give me an heir as from thyself (One that) will inherit me, and inherit the posterity of Yaqoob' And:
`But kindred by hood have prior rights against each other in the Book of Allah'
And: Allah (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance) to the male, a portion equal to that of two females'
And, If he leaves any goods, that he make a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable usage;
this is due from the pious ones.' You claim that I have no share!
And that I do not inherit my father! What!
Did Allah reveal a (Quranic) verse regarding you, from which He excluded my father?
Or do you say: `These (Fatima and her father) are the people of two faiths, they do not inherit each other?!'
Are we not, me and my father, a people adhering to one faith?
Or is it that you have more knowledge about the specifications and generalizations of the Quran than my father and my cousin (Imam Ali)?
So, here you are! Take it! (Ready with) its nose rope and saddled!
But if shall encounter you on the Day of Gathering;
(thus) what a wonderful judge is Allah, a claimant is Muhammad, and a day is the Day of Rising.
At the time of the Hour shall the wrongdoers lose;
and it shall not benefit you to regret (your actions) then!
For every Message, there is a time limit; and soon shall ye know who will be inflicted with torture that will humiliate him,
and who will be confronted by an everlasting punishment. (Fatima then turned towards the Ansars and said:)
O you people of intellect! The strong supporters of the nation!
And those who embraced Islam; What is this short-coming in defending my right?
And what is this slumber (while you see) injustice (being done toward me)?
Did not the Messenger of Allah, my father, used to say:
A man is upheld (remembered) by his children'?
O how quick have you violated (his orders)?!
How soon have you plotted against us?
But you still are capable (of helping me in) my attempt, and powerful (to help me) in that which I request and (in) my pursuit (of it).
Or do you say: "Muhammad has perished;"**
http://www.duas.org/Sahife%20Zehra/dua74.htm for the full version.
@abyadgirl beloved, I told you in a comment about the difference with the sahih sitta and al kafi the shia collections of hadith. This sermon is found in al kafi, so the system of ilm rijal adopted by the scholars is not implemented so the sunni donot accept it, it is a fabrication. The sad thing is that the shia say the say thing about most of the hadith collected. I told you what has been reported by the blessed mother of the believers in sahih muslim and that being Blessed Fatima died angry with Abu Bakr, I also quoted what is reported that our blessed messenger said saws, that being Fatima is from me and whoever angers fatima angers me and whoever angers me angers Allah. Maligning the sahabah is not right, but pointing out their mistakes is not wrong. Many muslims have not grasp this concept and those that are upon calling them kufr based off their mistakes are wrong, for we are all subjected to make mistakes. Allah and his messaenger are infalliable, anyone else does not fall into this catergory. Abu bakr was in error for confiscating fadak, for it was already in her possession when her father returned to Allah. The proof from sunni sources confirm this and Allah is the judge on the day inwhich there is no doubt. Salaam