Can I go for the Hajj alone and I am a married woman and I'm 44 years old without a mahram with a group of women
السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته
Our beloved Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said that a woman should not travel except with a mahram. A group of women is not a valid substitute for that. So a mahram should accompany you to Hajj.. according to Islam.
Well Islam doesn't allow us to go out without a Mahram. But group of women sounds safer though, still it's not permitted. Why don't you wait till you can go with your husband or any Mahram? Hope you make your Hajj safely, in sha Allah.
Here are the words of Dr. Yusuf al-Qaradawi; Head of the International Union of Muslim Scholars:
The original rule stipulated in shari’a is that a woman is not to travel alone. Rather, she has to be accompanied by her husband or any other mahram of hers. This rule is supported by narrations of Bukhari and others that Ibn-Abbas (ra) said, that the Prophet (pbuh) said, “A woman should not travel except with a mahram, and no man should visit her except in the presence of a mahram.”
Abu-Hurairah related the following on behalf of the Prophet (pbuh), “It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel for one day and night except with a mahram.” Abu-Sa’id reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said, “A woman should not travel for two days except she is accompanied by her husband or a mahram.”
Ibn-’Umar reported, “She should not travel for three nights except with a mahram.”
These ahadith are about all kinds of travel, whither an obligatory travel such as for a visit or trade or seeking knowledge or else.
Scholars (investigating this issue) came across two problems: the obligation of women to perform Hajj vs. the Prophet’s (pbuh) prohibition of a woman’s travel without a mahram.
Some of them adhered to the superficial meaning of the reported ahadith. Thus, they prohibited woman from travelling without a mahram, even for fulfilling the obligation of performing Hajj.
Some of them (allowed) a woman (to perform Hajj) accompanied by trusted group of women.
Some said it suffices to have a company of a Muslim, and trusted woman.
Some said it suffices to make sure that the road is safe.
This is what the great scholar Ibn-Taymeya preferred. Ibn-Muflih said in al-Furu’, “A woman could perform Hajj without a mahram as long as she is safe.” “This applies to all kinds of travel (for good cause).” he added.
Al-Athram reported that Imam Ahmad said, “Having a mahram is not a prerequisite for obligatory Hajj,” he added, “this is because a woman can go to Hajj with women (in general) and also with anyone she feels safe with.”Ibn-Sirin said, “She should go with good Muslims.”
Al-Awza’y said, “She should go only with persons of good reputation.”
Malik said, “She should go with a group of women.”
Ash-Shafi’i said, “She should go with a free, Muslim, and trusted woman.”
Some of his followers said, “She could go alone in case she is secured.”
Al-Hafidh Ibn-Hajar said, ” In the Shafi’i madhhab it is known to put the presence of the husband, mahram, or trusted women as a prerequisite for a women to perform Hajj.”
Some others say, “Only one trusted woman is enough.”
Therefore, there is no harm in a woman performing Hajj (without mahram), as long as the circumstances are settled and safe.
May Allah grant us success.
And here are the words of Muhammad ibn Adam Darul Iftaa of the Central Mosque (UK):
The great Hanafi Jurist, Imam al-Kasani (Allah have mercy on him) states:
“One of the conditions for the permissibility of a woman travelling for Hajj is that she is accompanied by her husband or a Mahram. If neither of them is accompanying her, then Hajj will not be obligatory.
(The) proof is what Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) narrated from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) that he said: “Verily, a woman must not travel for Hajj except that her Mahram is accompanying her”. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) also said: “A woman must not travel except that her Mahram or Husband is with her”. Also, a woman is unsafe if her husband or Mahram is not accompanying her, and this is the reason why it is even impermissible for her to travel on her own (meaning, not in the company of a stranger, m), and this fear (of their safety, m) is increased when they are in a group.
Imam Nawawi, the great Shafi’i jurist (may Allah have mercy on him) states in his monumental commentary of Sahih Muslim:
“There is a consensus (ijma’) of the Ummah that it is obligatory upon a woman to perform Hajj if she is able to do so, due to the general nature of the verse: “Pilgrimage to the house of Allah is a duty men owe to Allah for those who can afford the journey” (Ali Imran, 97), and because of the Hadith “Islam is based on five things”.
However, scholars differ as to whether a mahram is a pre-requisite for a woman to perform the Hajj.
Abu Hanifa (Allah have mercy on him) considers it a condition for the Hajj to be obligatory unless the distance between her and Makkah is less than three Marahil. His opinion is also endorsed by a group of Hadith scholars, people of ra’i, Hasan al-Basri and Nakha’i (Allah have mercy on them all).
However, Ata, Sa’id ibn Jubayr, Ibn Sirin, Malik, al-Awzai’i, Shafi’i (Allah have mercy on them all) say that a Mahram is not a pre-requisite in order for her travelling to Hajj; rather the condition is safety in the journey. Some of our (Shafi’i) scholars have said: “Safety will be acquired with the husband, Mahram or a group of trustworthy women, and Hajj is not obligatory if one of these three is not found.
Therefore, if there was only one trustworthy woman, Hajj would not be obligatory, but to perform Hajj will be permissible. This is the correct opinion……
The answer you get will depend upon the preferences of the person you ask.
If you decide to make the Hajj in the company of other women only, and if this decision causes dismay in your family (especially in your parents) then it might be better not to go.
You might want to contact your travel advisor to see if they have made similar arrangements in the past. What has been the reaction in Mecca to groups of women making the Hajj without a mahram?
I hope this helps.