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it happens you meet the imam on the last ruku'i of asr or zuhr hw are you suppose to observe the remaining three raka'ts Do u have to recite fatiha and a chapter as your second rakat and sit, in the third one you recite fatiha and chapter and the last one you recite fatiha only or you recite fatiha and chapter as your second rakat and sit, recite fatiha in the last two rakats.plse my scholars and my fellow learners give me your views. Also the same in isha prayer you meet the imam in the last ruku' how are you going to observe the three rakats

asked 101 ibrahimsalifu's gravatar image
edited Apr 18 at 03:34

Praise be to Allaah.

If one arrived late and the Salah has been started, it is recommended for him to join it, rather than praying alone. How does he follow it? I'll explain in general, then give the detailed prayers

  1. The reference of each Rakat(ركعة) is Rokou (ركوع), which means that if you reached after Rokou, then the missed Rakat must be repeated.
  2. You must follow the Imaam, you shouldn't start with the missing Raka then continue with him, for eg, if you arrived while he was in Sujud, you must make Sujud with them.
  3. You now should follow the Imaam till he finishes praying, then check how many have you prayed, in order to continue the Rakat till finishing the required number of Rakat in this prayer

Now we will start the scenarios

1.Arriving in 1st Raka

If you arrived in the 1st Raka, and they hadn't make rokou yet or they are in the Rokou, then you continue with them, make Rokou with them, even if you hadn't finish Reading Fatiha, you have to follow the imam, then continue the prayer with them, and make salaam with them, because you haven't missed any Raka.

If you have arrived after Rokou (it is considered the 2nd Raka), continue with them, then when they finish you don't make salaam, you stand up and make an additional Raka and recite soorah after Fatiha during this Raka as if you were making the first missed Raka, then after Sujud you sit, say Tashahhud, then make salaam.

2.Arriving in 2nd Raka Same as above If you arrived before or during Rokou in 2nd Raka, continue with them, then when they finish you don't make salaam, you stand up and make an additional Raka and recite soorah after Fatiha during this Raka as if you were making the first missed Raka, then after Sujud you sit, say Tashahhud, then make salaam.

3.Arriving in 3nd Raka If you arrived before or during Rokou in 3nd Raka, continue with them, then when they finish you don't make salaam, you stand up and make the missed Rakat (you now have two more Rakat to repeat). If this was Maghrib prayer (then the total is 3 Rakat, and you have done only one raka), so after you stand up, make Rokou, then after Sujud you sit down to say Tashahhud because it will be your 2nd Raka, then you stand up to make the 3rd Raka, after Rokou and Sujud, you say Tashahhud, then make salaam. Else, if this was Duhr, Aser, or Isha'a prayer (4 Rakaat), then after the imam makes salaam, you stand up to make your 3rd Raka, you don't sit after sujud, you stand again to make the forth raka, then sit again and finish.

4.Arriving in 4th Raka Now his means you still have 3 Rakat left, so you stand up to make your 2nd Raka (1st one made with imam), then after sujud you sit, say Tashahhud, then stand up, and make other 2 Rakat as usual.

Hope this information will clear some of your doubts.

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answered 101 MutaibShah's gravatar image
edited Apr 20 at 08:22
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