What does the Quran teach about our eternal destiny?
Note: This is the intro question.
Then it turns to open ads and link posting advertising Christianity. Just seeking a comparison; all was answered.
What does the Quran teach about our eternal destiny?
Note: This is the intro question.
Then it turns to open ads and link posting advertising Christianity. Just seeking a comparison; all was answered.
Allah deals in unique fashion with people of book in Al-Imran.
55 And (remember) when Allah said: "O 'Iesa (Jesus)! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you [of the forged statement that 'Iesa (Jesus) is Allah's son] of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve [in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad , 'Iesa (Jesus), Musa (Moses), etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Qur'an] till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute."
56 "As to those who disbelieve, I will punish them with a severe torment in this world and in the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers."
57 And as for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) and do righteous good deeds, Allah will pay them their reward in full. And Allah does not like the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).
58 This is what We recite to you (O Muhammad ) of the Verses and the Wise Reminder (i.e. the Qur'an).
59 Verily, the likeness of 'Iesa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: "Be!" - and he was.
60 (This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of those who doubt.
61 Then whoever disputes with you concerning him ['Iesa (Jesus)] after (all this) knowledge that has come to you, [i.e. 'Iesa (Jesus)] being a slave of Allah, and having no share in Divinity) say: (O Muhammad ) "Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves - then we pray and invoke (sincerely) the Curse of Allah upon those who lie."
62 Verily! This is the true narrative [about the story of 'Iesa (Jesus)], and, La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the One and the Only True God, Who has neither a wife nor a son). And indeed, Allah is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
63 And if they turn away (and do not accept these true proofs and evidences), then surely, Allah is All-Aware of those who do mischief.
64 Say (O Muhammad ): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: "Bear witness that we are Muslims."
65 O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do you dispute about Ibrahim (Abraham), while the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) were not revealed till after him? Have you then no sense?
66 Verily, you are those who have disputed about that of which you have knowledge. Why do you then dispute concerning that which you have no knowledge? It is Allah Who knows, and you know not.
67 Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism - to worship none but Allah Alone) and he was not of Al-Mushrikun (See V.2:105).
68 Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim (Abraham) are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Muhammad ) and those who have believed (Muslims). And Allah is the Wali (Protector and Helper) of the believers.
69 A party of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish to lead you astray. But they shall not lead astray anyone except themselves, and they perceive not.
70 O people of the Scripture! (Jews and Christians): "Why do you disbelieve in the Ayat of Allah, [the Verses about Prophet Muhammad present in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] while you (yourselves) bear witness (to their truth)."
71 O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): "Why do you mix truth with falsehood and conceal the truth while you know?"
72 And a party of the people of the Scripture say: "Believe in the morning in that which is revealed to the believers (Muslims), and reject it at the end of the day, so that they may turn back.
We seldom refer to Quran before asking which is very sad. Allah has given us the book so we read and contemplate upon.
Dear Masihi, thank you for a good question.
I will quote to you the writings of Sheikh Salih Al Munajjid on the subject, with some editing. The answer is going to be quite big, so I will break it down into points, and into two posts so that you can read the answer with ease inshaAllah.
Brief summary of the Islamic view regarding a guarantee of one’s destiny.
1# Islam offers a guarantee to every sincere Muslim who obeys Allaah and remains in this state of devotion until he dies, that he will definitely enter Paradise. Allaah says in the Qur’aan (interpretation of the meanings):
“But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to the Gardens under which rivers flow (i.e., in Paradise), to dwell therein forever. Allaah’s promise is the truth, and whose words can be truer than those of Allaah?.” [al-Nisa’ 4:122]
“Allaah has promised those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, that for them there is forgiveness and a great reward (i.e., Paradise).” [al-Maa’idah 5:9]
“(They will enter) ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which the Most Beneficent (Allaah) has promised to His servants in the unseen: verily, His promise must come to pass.” [Maryam 19:61]
“Say: ‘Is that (torment) better, or the Paradise of Eternity promised to the muttaqeen (pious and righteous persons)? It will be theirs as a reward and final destination.” [al-Furqaan 25:15]
“But those who fear Allaah and keep their duty to their Lord (Allaah), for them are built lofty rooms, one above another, under which rivers flow (i.e., Paradise). (This is) the Promise of Allaah, and Allaah does not fail in (His) promise.” [al-Zumar 39:20]
2# Islam also guarantees the disbeliever who ignores the commands of Allaah that he will definitely enter Hell. Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):
“Allaah has promised the hypocrites, men and women, and the disbelievers, the Fire of Hell, therein shall they abide. It will suffice them. Allaah has cursed them and for them is the lasting torment.” [al-Tawbah 9:68]
“But those who disbelieve, for them will be the Fire of Hell. Neither will it have a complete killing effect on them so that they die, nor shall its torment be lightened for them. Thus do We requite every disbeliever!” [Faatir 35:36]
Allaah will say to the disbelievers on the Day of Judgement (interpretation of the meaning):
“This is Hell which you were promised! Burn therein this Day, for that you used to disbelieve!” [Yaa-Seen 36:63-64]
3# If one were to say that every person has a guarantee of Paradise, this would be utterly disastrous, because then everyone would commit all kinds of forbidden acts, feeling safe because of this guarantee. Many of the crimes committed by Jews and Christians have been done on the basis of this guarantee, with documents of forgiveness from their priests. Allaah has told us about such people (interpretation of the meaning):
“And they say, ‘None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian.’ Say, ‘Produce your proof if you are truthful.’”[al-Baqarah 2:111]
For us Muslims, Paradise is not the matter of our own desires or the desires of anyone else, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“It will not be in accordance with your desires (Muslims), nor those of the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians); whoever works evil will have the recompense thereof, and he will not find any protector or helper besides Allaah.” [al-Nisa’ 4:123]
4# Allaah will not go back on His promise to either the believers or the disbelievers. He describes how both of them will be at the end of the Day of Judgement (interpretation of the meaning):
“And the dwellers of Paradise will call out to the dwellers of the Fire (saying): ‘We have indeed found true what our Lord had promised us; have you also found true, what your Lord promised (warnings, etc.)?’ They shall say, ‘Yes.’ Then a crier will proclaim between them: ‘The Curse of Allaah is on the zaalimeen (polytheists and wrongdoers, etc.).” [al-A’raaf 7:44]
Everyone who believes and does righteous deeds, and dies in this state, will definitely enter Paradise. Everyone who disbelieves and does evil deeds, and dies in this state, will definitely enter Hell.
5# One of the great guiding principles of Islam is that the believer should tread a path between fear and hope. He should not take it for granted that he will enter Paradise, because this will make him complacent, and he does not know in what state he will die. Nor should he assume that he is going to Hell, because this is despairing of the mercy of Allaah, which is forbidden. So the believer does righteous deeds, and hopes that Allaah will reward him for them, and he avoids evil deeds out of fear of the punishment of Allaah. If he commits a sin, he repents in order to gain forgiveness and protect himself from the punishment of Hell. Allaah forgives all sins and accepts the repentance of those who repent. If a believer fears that the good deeds he has sent on before him are not enough, as you suggest, then he will increase his efforts, in fear and hope. No matter how many righteous deeds he has sent on before him, he cannot rely on them and take them for granted, or else he will be doomed. He keeps striving and hoping for reward, and at the same time he fears lest his deeds be contaminated with any element of showing off, self-admiration, or anything that will lead to them being rejected by Allaah. Allaah describes the believers (interpretation of the meaning):
“… those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charity, etc.) have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning).” [al-Mu’minoon 23:60]
So the believer keeps on striving, fearing and hoping, until he meets his Lord, believing in Tawheed (Divine Unity) and doing righteous deeds, and earns the pleasure of his Lord and Paradise. If you think about the matter, you will realize that these are the right motives for action, and that righteousness cannot be achieved in this life in any other way.
Salaam beloved, inshallah I will like to add to the brother umar's beautiful answer may Allah reward him. In a hadith qudsi the Rasul saws said," on the day of judgement Allah will tell our father Adam AS to seperate his children into two groups those who will go to paradise and those who will go to hellfire. Adam replyed, my Lord how should I do this? Allah said to him," out of every thousand, nine hundred and ninety nine for hellfire, one for paradise. When the sahabah heard this they became sad, the Rasul saws seeing their faces then said, all of my ummah will go to paradise accept those who refuse. One of the sahabah asked, who would refuse? Those who donot obey me has refused." Salaam
3#, the Christian doctrine of original sin has a negative effect because it does not require any duties of man other than to believe that God sent His son to this earth to be crucified and to die to atone for the sins of mankind. Thus a person becomes a Christian and is to earn the pleasure of God and be admitted to heaven. Moreover, the Christian believes that everything that happened to the son of God was only to atone for his sins, past present and future, so there is no need to wonder why Christian societies have seen such an increase in murder, rape, robbery, alcoholism and other problems. After all, did not Christ die to atone for their sins, and haven’t their sins been wiped out, so why should they stop doing these things?
Tell me, by your Lord, why do you sometimes punish murderers, or put criminals in jail, or punish them in other ways, if you believe that the criminal’s sins have all be atoned for and forgiven through the blood of Christ? Is this not a strange contradiction?
Follow the Quran and the Sunnah, and you will reach your paradise.
.@Masihi, some of what you say has some truth to it al hamdulilah, however you are somewhat confused. The Way has nothing to do with so called christianity and this is by concept. In acts 26:11 it states and I qoute, the disciples were first called christian at antioch. So this title is not one that Yahshua the hebrew messiah gave to his followers, it was incorporated after he returned to Allah. Christianity concept is another thing that has nothing to do with the hebrew messiah and hellenised paul knew this all to well as he stated in Acts 24:14. Here he lays the concept of what the way is and when you compare what he said to the hellenised concept of jesus christo the greco roman fabrication it does not line up. You know as I do that the christian concept which derived out of the nicene council of 325, with the debate between Arian and Anathasius is not what the hebrew messiah brought and taught. True Allah has instructed theRasuls saws look to the scriptures of the people of the book. However the injeel is not the books or letters written by paul and the gospel writers, at this council and others after it the teachings of the way was deemed herasy and replaced with the Anathasius creed which was implemented by constantine which the foundation of christianity stands on this very day. The affects of hellenism is very real and we are still caught in its sneer not just christian muslims as well. The sect called mu tizillah is upon the hellenistic philosphy. I'm glad to see that you use the correct names but you still cling to the demon concept. Yahshua the hebrew messiah followed the laws of Yahweh the exalted and he taught his true followers to do the same. Bear in mind, under the law only Yahweh can be singled out for worship. Salaam
I discussed this previously in this work , I told you that the servant was a general term used in Isaiah and not an individual , now I will show you why. Let's begin in the commentary of the Hebrew Greek study bible verses 42: 1-9 , " this is the first of four "servant songs" in Isaiah . In reaction to the Christian teaching that these prophecies of Jesus Christ , Jewish theologians identify the "servant "in these passages as the People Of Israel . I am going to stop at this point to make a crucial point that you the reader must not miss. The commentary states that the Jewish scholars identify : the servant" in these passages as the people of Israel. Now , the heading for chapter 42 , in Isaiah in my bible says . " the servant of the lord ", as does the heading in Isaiah in Isaiah 49, this meaning we are speaking of the same servant. The Christian doctrine teaches this servant is Jesus Christos , the Greco roman fabrication , But I will prove them wrong ( most high Willing) from what the scriptures says. I beg you the reader to remove The spell of ignorance ( meaning one who ignores facts) and see things for what they are and not for what you want them to be. With that said lets proceed ! Isaiah 49: 1-7,
If you notice the end of the commentary confirms the Hellenized mind behind it . These passages can only can only refer to Christ! Why ? Because he was not a man , and the passages spoken about in the commentary , go infinitely beyond man's capabilities. At the beginning of the excerpt the problem being spoke about is the position of the Jewish scholars. So now we must investigate the so called problems of the mindset that places Jesus Christ ,the Greco - roman fabrication , more than a man and being that he is Greco- Roman he is not an Israelite . The commentary states the first problem stems from the fact that the Jewish scholars has taken this view which contradicts the doctrine being given to the sleeping masses that are under the spell of ignorance. So let's read what the new American bible say about the commentary on Isaiah 49:3, for it is the verse that sets the tone and is the stumbling block for the Hellenized mind , just as the law and circumcision was for Hellenized Paul. Isaiah 49:3
The next problem the Hebrew Greek study Bible commentary is that Israel is presented as he beneficiary of the servants actions. This makes no sense for the verse is self explanatory . The only benefit Israel the servant will receive is if they conform as the preserved ones of Israel that Yahweh says in the N.I.V Bible that he has kept. For these are the small remnants that held fast in the face of persecution and torture, and many died for their actions all in the name of Yahweh.( The exalted) So when the commentary alludes to Isaiah 53:4-6 as confirmation as the servants suffering, attributing it to the jesus Greco roman fabrication , They are reaching for straws. First and foremost it is not a fact that the messiah was pierced and keep in mind what the New American bible States and I quote again,
It is a fact that Isaiah is in the old testament; now read the verses with the spell listed and you will see clearly that the tribes of Israel had suffered more than any man could have on a cross. They endured centuries of suffering due to their disobedience to Yahweh ( the exalted). So when the commentary states that, 'There were no righteous people in Israel who could suffer for others , " and they used Jer. 5:1 as their proof. They have negated one fact that Isaiah 49:6 says in part... " To restore the preserved ones of Israel I have kept." It is Yahweh that kept them. So What are the commentators basing this statement on ? Oh! I remember Jer. 5:1, So let's investigate. " Run to and fro in the streets of Jerusalem ; see now and know ; and seek in her open places, if you can find a man , if there is any one who executed judgment , who seeks the truth, and I will pardon her" (jer. 5:1)
This is a prime example of how one uses a verse in the bible that does not apply, as I have shown about Isaiah 7;14 and Matthew 1:23 , to solidify a point. How can you use something going on in Jeremiah to apply with something in Isaiah and they lived a century or so apart from each other. and the circumstances were different? This only proves that the Jewish scholars have said and that is " The servant song is talking about the people of Israel, and not about anyone else". Now if you the reader are still under the spell of ignorance, Then accept this fact , the soul you save will be your own! Another point I need to make concerns Isaiah 9:6-7
Now lets see what the New American Bible commentary says about whom this child is and I quote'
Dear Mr Masihi,
My words were addressed to Brother Abdul rather than to you. But never mind.
I've read your reply, but am not going to answer it. Instead I am going to give you a testimony (Muslims tend to avoid such indulgences, and I have never been comfortable with them. But: ‘to every thing there is a season’).
I went to my first Welsh Baptist chapel in 1948, at the age of three. I learned my basic Christianity from my grandfather (a much respected Elder of that same chapel at a time when that meant something). He was a collier; and a man who could read scripture in Welsh, English, Hebrew and Greek. He was a man who lived his faith far better than I ever did.
Over the years I moved away from my Baptist roots; becoming, in due order, an angry young man who hated ‘God’; an enemy of Christians - one who loved nothing more than to join in their debates, and for no other reason than to create as much havoc as I could (and believe me I could).
If I could have destroyed their faith I would have done so, and with as much enthusiasm and satisfaction as any Saul of Tarsus.
In time, I fell among friends who were members of Catholic religious orders. I became a Catholic myself; then a candidate for the priesthood in a Cistercian monastery; and then (having discovered that I had no vocation after all) a husband; and then a father and grandfather to both Christians and Muslims. It has been a very interesting journey...at least for me!
As you say, I have a reasonable level of knowledge. I’ve studied dogmatic, pastoral and biblical theology; and biblical exegesis; and learned Christian apologetics from the works of the Church Fathers (especially Augustine of Hippo, Irenaeus of Lyons, John Chrysostom and Tertullian); and from those of St Thomas Aquinas (for whom I have a particular fondness to this day). I've participated in more interfaith debates than I care to remember; and learned, many years ago, that when it comes to religious argument there really is 'nothing new under the sun'; only a rehash of all that has been said before.
Mr Masihi, I know you very well. I’ve known you for years, and by the hundreds…..Hey, I’ve even been you......on so many many occasions.
I respect your conviction and your enthusiasm; and I understand your desire to convert hearts and minds to your way of thinking. Trust me, I am one of those you cannot convert....and I have no desire to convert you....or to engage in a futile 'chasing after wind...'. With many more years behind me than before I can find better things to do!
I wish you well, as I am bound to do. But think on this:
When the Meccan idolaters suggested to the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) that, as a compromise, he should worship their gods for a year and they should worship his for a year he replied:
‘Say (Prophet): “Disbelievers; I do not worship what you worship; you do not worship what I worship. I will never worship what you worship; you will never worship what I worship. You have your religion and I have mine”’.
(Al-Kafirun: all verses).
I have nothing more to say on this matter.
Asked: Jun 02 at 03:40
Seen: 2,620 times
Last updated: Jun 30 at 21:05