Is donation of Body Parts such as Eyes etc. (After death/In Life) allowed in Islam?
Alsalmu alikum brother
The human body and parts are not in our ownership in that we may fiddle with them as we desire. It is a trust that has been given to us by Allah Almighty. As such, it will be impermissible for one to sell, give or donate any organs of his body. Islam has forbidden suicide for the same reason. There are many texts of the Qur’an and uSunnah that clearly determine this. Thus, it will be unlawful for one to give his organs to another.
It is unlawful for an individual to inflict harm upon himself or others. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “It is unlawful to inflict harm upon your self and others.(Mustadrak of al-Hakim)
A human body is sacred even after his/her death. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “Breaking the bone of a dead person is similar (in sin) to breaking the bone of a living person”. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan Ibn Majah & Musnad Ahmad).
The Hadith shows that the bone of a dead person has the same sanctity and honour as the bone of living person. (Mushkil al-Athar).
In another Hadith it is stated: “Harming a believer after his death is similar to harming him in his life”. (Musannaf of Ibn Abi Shayba).