A Muslim with shaken belief? Advice...
Again very silly question (from the atheist). This is very weak instead of blaming for the sins on our part we blame Allah. This is like saying teacher I have already failed since you told me I was,not working hard enough for the exam. Seriously, the blame game has to stop. We are responsible for our own actions no one told him to be the atheist in the first place but he chose what was "better" for him in his own perspective.
Now addressing the "sense" in the question posed by the atheist is very easy.
Pedophiles: because people chose to be pedophiles
Rape: because people choose to rape. They aren't obliged to rape.
Slavery: because people endorse slavery themselves. They aren't obliged to make them slaves but in fact better to set them free.
Starving children: because the government chose not be responsible for providing food and shelter. And where is the aid by foreign countries going?
Crusades: because Christians chose to crusade; they don't have to do it there are peaceful options.
1.Natural disasters are punishment of Allah for those people who are either disbelievers or cross His limits
2.Natural disasters are warning for those who are sinners
3.Natural disasters are test for those who are believers.
When sins like those you have mentioned happens then punishment is waiting of them. And when disaster befalls then they question "why Allah is unjust?" which pure ignorance.
All the points I mentioned the common word is "chose" because they chose the devil guidance, and Allah's wrath.
Here is the reason menioned:
Q1. To the atheist if he believes there is no Allah then there is no point in having death. And if there is no Allah (for argument sake) then death is end i.e. nothing after it. This implies that there is no point of him existing in the first place.
Q2. What was he before the sperm and egg even fused? He was nothing, not even a thing worth mentioning (neither his parents knew him not). This is in the Quran: Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be mentioned?[76:1]
Q3. I have posted diagrams in this discussion (http://islam.com/questions/33793/why-did-allah-make-me-iblis) to make it easy for you. Make him reason himself.
Therefore by logic there are 2 deaths and 2 lives. If only they recognized Allah they will become greatest supporters of Islam from the staunches enemies.
One who has a rational approach can not think that way your Freind is thinking.