In What condition someone has to perform th Ghusl (janaba bath)?
Sperm are the individual cells. Semen is the fluid produced by the testicles and other glands with the sperm in it. Not really. They basically are the same thing. Semen is the liquid that sperms swim in so semen in itself can´t get anyone pregnant but you can´t separate the semen from the sperm unless you are in a lab. A sperm has a tail that makes it able to move though it is useless inside the female egg, so it falls off. Leaving only the male sperm cell to share the DNA it carries with the one present inside the egg.
Answer Semen is the slightly off-white fluid that sperm swims in. Sperm are the cells that contain the male's DNA, which fertilise the egg. The semen's only purpose is to help the sperm swim.**
Things that make Ghusl obligatory are six things and they are as follows:
If one of them happens then the Muslim has to do ghusl.
1 – Emission of maniy (semen) from its exit in the male or female, which happens either when one is awake or when one is asleep. If it is emitted when one is awake, there is the condition that one feels pleasure when it is emitted. If it is emitted without pleasure, then ghusl is not required, such as if it is emitted as the result of sickness. If it is emitted when one is asleep, this is what is called ihtilaam (erotic dream) and ghusl is required in all cases because he was not aware (of whether there were feelings of pleasure or not) and he may not experience feelings of pleasure. If a sleeper wakes up and finds traces of maniy, then he must do ghusl. If he has an erotic dream but no maniy comes out of him, and he does not find any trace of it, then he does not have to do ghusl.
2 – Penetration of the penis into the vagina, even if no ejaculation takes place, because of the hadeeth narrated by Muslim and others from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “When a man sits between the four parts (arms and legs of his wife) and has intercourse with her, then ghusl is obligatory.” So ghusl is required of both parties involved by mere virtue of penetration having taken place, even if no ejaculation takes place, because of this hadeeth and because there is scholarly consensus on this point.
3 – According to some scholars, ghusl is required when a kaafir becomes Muslim, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told some of those who became Muslim to do ghusl. Many scholars think that it is mustahabb, not obligatory, for a kaafir who becomes Muslim to do ghusl because it is not narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told everyone who became Muslim to do that. So it may be understood that it is mustahabb, so as to reconcile the evidence.
4 – Death – the deceased person must be washed, except for the shaheed (martyr) who falls in battle, who is not to be washed.
5 and 6 – Menses and nifaas (post partum bleeding), because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When your menses ends, then do ghusl and pray.” And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And when they have purified themselves” [al-Baqarah 2:222], referring to menses – they should purify themselves by doing ghusl after their menses ends.
Procedure for performing ghusl:
1.Wash both hands up to and including wrists. 2.Wash the private parts. The hands and private parts should be washed even if one is not in the state of Janaabat or Najaasat. 3.If there is Najaasat elsewhere on the body, it should now be washed off. 4.Perform Wudhu (Read separate pamphlet for Wudhu according to Sunnah). If making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away, and then perform the complete Wudhu. If there is fear of the feet being immersed in wastewater during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. 5.Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed thrice. 6.After performing Wudhu, pour water over the head thrice; 7.Then pour thrice over right shoulder and; 8.Thrice again over left shoulder. 9.Now pour water over entire body and rub. 10.If the hair of the head is not plaited, it is compulsory to wet all the hair up to the very base. If a single hair is left dry, Ghusl will not be valid. If the hair of a woman is plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited hair, but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. If one fails to do this then the Ghusl will not be valid. As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are NOT excused from leaving their hair dry. If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplaite her hair and wash her entire head. 11.It is Mustahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it. 12.All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hand so as to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body, and that no portion is left dry. 13.Rings and earrings, etc. should be moved so as to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. Ensure that the navel and the ears are all wetted. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete. 14.On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place. If, while performing Wudhu, the feet had been washed, it is not necessary to wash them again. 15.Dry the body with a clean towel, and dress as hastily as possible.