Every Muslim who is adult and in possession of his faculties must fast Ramadan.
They are exempted, however, in the following cases:
a. Women in menstruation, or in child-birth bleeding.
b. Persons on sick bed, or on a journey.
Women who are Bleeding during Menstruation or of Child-Birth:
Women in menstruation, or bleeding after giving birth, shall not
If Ramadan begins while a woman is in menstruation or childbirth
bleeding, she shall not fast until bleeding ceases in both
cases and she takes the ritual bath.
If bleeding occurs during Ramadan, then a woman shall break
When bleeding ceases, a woman must wash and then fast. If she
does not find water, she must perform the ritual purification with
If bleeding ceases during the night, she can formulate the
intention to fast and lose no time in washing but postpone taking
a bath until after dawn, providing she does so before sunrise.
If a bleeding woman deliberately postpones the bath until after
sunrise, thereby missing the morning prayers, then her fast shall
not be valid.
A bleeding woman shall fast a number of days equal to those she
missed because of bleeding. `Aisha said :"In the Prophet's time
we were ordered to compensate for fasting days missed in
bleeding but were not ordered to perform restitution for our