Is their any difference between the arabic term nabi and rassoul and who is the first prophet, is it Adam or Nuh (as)?

asked 111 gowseekhan's gravatar image
edited Apr 26 '12 at 14:55 NesreenA ♦ 199722 NesreenA's gravatar image

Adam(pbuh) is the first Prophet, Noah(pbuh) is the first messenger.

Praise be to Allaah. The well-known difference between a Prophet and a Messenger is that a Messenger is one to whom a law is revealed and he is commanded to convey it, whilst a Prophet is one to whom a law is revealed but he is not commanded to convey it. But this distinction is not free of problems, because a Prophet is also commanded to call people, convey the Message and judge among the people.

Hence Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: The correct view is that the Messenger is one who is sent to a disbelieving people, and the Prophet is one who is sent to a believing people with the sharee'ah of the Messenger who came before him, to teach them and judge between them, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): "Verily, We did send down the Tawraat (Torah) [to Moosa (Moses)], therein was guidance and light, by which the Prophets, who submitted themselves to Allaah's Will, judged for the Jews" [al-Maa'idah 5:44]

The Messengers are sent to deliver a Message. They are the ones to whom Allah has sent down revelation and who convey His Law to mankind. Allah ordered them to deliver these Messages.

The first Messenger to be sent was Noah and the last one was Mohammad. Allah said, what translated means, (Verily, We have inspired you (O Mohammad) as We inspired Noah and the Prophets after him.) [4:163].

Anas ibn Malik narrated that the Prophet said, during his Hadith about Shafa'ah (the right of intercession on mankind's behalf that Allah grants to His Messenger on the Last Day), "Mankind come to Adam to intercede on their behalf but he declines, saying: 'Go to Noah, the First Messenger that Allah sent...'" [Al-Bukhari]. Also, Allah said, what translated means, (Mohammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah, and the Last (end) of Prophets.) [33:40].

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answered 481 Perseveranze's gravatar image

Adam was the first Prophet

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answered 1168 Miss%20Question's gravatar image

No. Our Holy Prophet S.A.W was the First as well as the last Prophet of Allah (S.W.T).

Irbad ibn Sarya relates that the Prophet said: "Verily I was written in Allah's Presence as the Seal of Prophets while verily Adam was still kneaded in his clay." (Narrated by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih, and al-Hakim in his Mustadrak.)

The Prophet (S.A.W) also said: “I was a Prophet while Adam was still between the spirit and the body.” Tirmidhi narrated it and said it hasan sahih, and it is authenticated by al-Hakim 2:609 as sahih, and also narrated by Ibn Abi Shayba in his Musannaf 14:292, and al-Bukhari in his Tarikh 7:374.

Source: http://www.sunnah.org/aqida/light_of_the_prophet_sall.htm

The thing is Adam (A.S) was sent as a First Prophet of Allah to this World. But If you ask about the First Prophet who Allah (S.W.T) has created, it is our Holy Prophet (S.A.W). Remember this Universe is created for our Holy Prophet (S.A.W).

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answered 1.2k16 believer's gravatar image
edited Mar 13 '13 at 09:36

Difference between Rasool & Nabi is that Rasool are those Nabis which have sent with a guided book and Nabi are those on whom the books are not sent But, NOTE that A Rasool is also a Nabi But, a Nabi is not a Rasool Simple, what i have read above of Imam Tamiyahs explanation is not clear about breifing the description of Laws for explaining the difference between Nabi & Rasool Argument is that Every Nabi & Rasool is guided by Allah it self and so also the Laws also then how we can just justify the difference the difference is Only Rasool are those Nabis which have sent with a guided book and Nabi are those on whom the books are not sent But, NOTE that A Rasool is also a Nabi But, a Nabi is not a Rasool. So Our first Nabi in Islam is Adam (AS) on the earth and the Last Is Muhammad (SA) . but if we calculate from the begning before the birth of Adam in Haven then Prophet Muhammad (SA) is the first and Last. References are خبيب بن عبد الرحمن ، عن حفص بن عاصم ، عن أبي هريرة ، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: «لما خلق الله عز وجل آدم خير لآدم بنيه، فجعل يرى فضائل بعضهم على بعض، قال: فرآني نورا ساطعا في أسفلهم ، فقال: يا رب من هذا؟ قال: هذا ابنك أحمد صلى الله عليه وسلم هو الأول والآخر وهو أول شافع» Translation: Abu Hurraira (ra) narrates from the Messenger of Allah (May Peace be upon him) that he said: When Allah created Adam (Peace be upon him) He informed him of his descendants, at this Adam (Peace be upon him) saw superiority of some over others, then he saw me towards the end in form of an “ILLUMINATING NUR” (i.e. first to be created from Nur but sent in last), he (Adam) said: O my Lord who is this? The Lord replied: This is your son Ahmed who is the first and the last and (on the Day of Judgment) he will be first to do intercession. [Imam Bayhaqi in his Dalail an Nabuwwah: Volume 005, Page No. 483] Musannaf Abdur Razaq It is narrated by Imam Abdur Razaq from Mua'mar, from Ibn al-Manqadr, from Jabir ibn `Abd Allah who said to the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) : "O Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him), may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me of the first thing Allah created before all things." He (Peace Be Upon Him) said: "O Jabir, the first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet from His (created) light, and that light remained (lit. "turned") in the midst of His Power for as long as He wished, and there was not, at that time, a Tablet or a Pen or a Paradise or a Fire or an angel or a heaven or an earth. And when Allah wished to create creation, he divided that Light into four parts and from the first made the Pen, from the second the Tablet, from the third the Throne, [and from the fourth everything else]......." References ►Musannaf Abdur Razaq, al-Juz al-Mafqud min al-Juz al-Awwal min al-Musannaf Abdur Razaq, Page No. 99, Hadith Number 18 ►Qastalani in Mawahib ul Laduniyah Volume 001, Page No. 71, ►Zurqani in Sharah Mawahib ul Laduniyah Volume 001, Page No. 89-91, ►Ajluni in Kashf al-Khafa (وقال : رواه عبد الرزاق بسنده عن جابر بن عبد اﷲ رضي اﷲ عنهما) Volume 001, Page No. 311, Hadith Number 827, ►Halabi in his Sirah Volume 001, Page No. 50, ►Ashraf Ali Thanvi in Nashar ut-Tib Volume 001, Page No. 13

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answered 10 Shaiykh%20Naeem's gravatar image
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Asked: Feb 27 '12 at 12:29

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Last updated: Mar 28 at 06:57


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